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Table 2 Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of HIV-infected men who have sex with men by CD4 count in Beijing, China

From: Predictors of antiretroviral therapy initiation: a cross-sectional study among Chinese HIV-infected men who have sex with men

  CD4 count <350 cells/μLa CD4 count ≥350 cells/μL
Characteristics Total (N=103),
n (%)
Initiated ART
(N=38),
n (%)
Not initiated ART
(N=65),
n (%)
P-value Total (N=135),
n (%)
Initiated ART
(N=24),
n (%)
Not initiated ART
(N=111),
n (%)
P-value
Age (year)     0.07     <0.001
Median, IQR 32 (27–38) 34 (29–39) 30 (26–36)   31 (26–37) 41 (35–45) 30 (25–34)  
Ethnicity     1.00     0.59
 Han 95 (92.2) 35 (92.1) 60 (92.3)   129 (95.6) 24 (100.0) 105 (94.6)  
 Non-Han 8 (7.8) 3 (7.9) 5 (7.7)   6 (4.4) 0 (0) 6 (5.4)  
Marital status     0.03     <0.001
 Currently unmarried 68 (66.0) 20 (52.6) 48 (73.8)   102 (75.6) 11 (45.8) 91 (82.0)  
 Currently married 35 (34.0) 18 (47.4) 17 (26.2)   33 (24.4) 13 (54.2) 20 (18.0)  
Education (year of schooling)     0.92     0.52
 College or above (>12) 57 (55.3) 21 (55.2) 36 (55.4)   71 (52.6) 10 (41.7) 61 (55.0)  
 Senior high school (10–12) 24 (23.3) 8 (21.1) 16 (24.6)   45 (33.3) 10 (41.7) 35 (31.5)  
 Junior high school (7–9) 19 (18.5) 8 (21.1) 11 (16.9)   15 (11.1) 3 (12.5) 12 (10.8)  
 Primary school (≤6) 3 (2.9) 1 (2.6) 2 (3.1)   4 (3.0) 1 (4.1) 3 (2.7)  
Occupational status     0.87     0.39
 Employed 81 (78.6) 31 (81.6) 50 (76.9)   97 (71.8) 16 (66.6) 81 (73.0)  
 Non-employed/retired 15 (14.6) 5 (13.2) 10 (15.4)   19 (14.1) 7 (29.2) 12 (10.8)  
 Student 2 (1.9) 1 (2.6) 1 (1.5)   8 (5.9) 0 (0) 8 (7.2)  
 Other 5 (4.9) 1 (2.6) 4 (6.2)   11 (8.2) 1 (4.2) 10 (9.0)  
Beijing Hukou     0.19     <0.001
 No 39 (37.9) 11 (28.9) 28 (43.1)   52 (38.5) 3 (12.5) 49 (44.1)  
 Yes 64 (62.1) 27 (71.1) 37 (56.9)   83 (61.5) 21 (87.5) 62 (55.9)  
Duration of living in Beijing (year)     0.06     0.04
 <5 45 (43.7) 12 (31.6) 33 (50.8)   54 (40.0) 5 (20.8) 49 (44.1)  
 ≥5 58 (56.3) 26 (68.4) 32 (49.2)   81 (60.0) 19 (79.2) 62 (55.9)  
Time from HIV infection to survey (month)     <0.001     <0.001
 <15 46 (44.7) 5 (13.2) 41 (63.1)   69 (51.1) 1 (4.2) 68 (61.3)  
 ≥15 57 (55.3) 33 (86.8) 24 (36.9)   66 (48.9) 23 (95.8) 43 (38.7)  
Self-report health condition     1.00     0.53
 Very good/good 77 (74.8) 28 (73.7) 49 (75.4)   116 (85.9) 22 (91.7) 94 (84.7)  
 Somewhat poor/very poor 26 (25.4) 10 (26.3) 16 (24.6)   19 (14.1) 2 (8.3) 17 (15.3)  
Ever had AIDS-like clinical symptomsb     0.35     0.02
 No 77 (74.8) 26 (68.4) 51 (78.5)   100 (74.1) 13 (54.2) 87 (78.4)  
 Yes 26 (25.2) 12 (31.6) 14 (21.5)   35 (25.9) 11 (45.8) 24 (21.6)  
Had unprotected insertive anal sex with men in past 6 months     0.02     0.25
 No 34 (79.1) 14 (100) 20 (69.0)   43 (66.2) 7 (87.5) 36 (63.2)  
 Yes 9 (20.9) 0 (0) 9 (31.0)   22 (33.8) 1 (12.5) 21 (36.8)  
Had unprotected receptive anal sex with men in past 6 months     0.04     0.01
 No 43 (75.4) 16 (94.1) 27 (67.5)   43 (56.6) 11 (91.7) 32 (50.0)  
 Yes 14 (24.6) 1 (5.9) 13 (32.5)   33 (43.4) 1 (8.3) 32 (50.0)  
Had multiple concurrent male partners in past 12 months     0.71     1.00
 No 93 (93.0) 36 (94.7) 57 (91.9)   118 (89.4) 21 (91.3) 97 (89.0)  
 Yes 7 (7.0) 2 (5.3) 5 (8.1)   14 (10.6) 2 (8.7) 12 (11.0)  
Had commercial sex in past 12 months     1.00     0.35
 No 94 (94.0) 36 (94.7) 58 (93.6)   126 (94.7) 24 (100.0) 102 (93.6)  
 Yes 6 (6.0) 2 (5.3) 4 (6.4)   7 (5.3) 0 (0) 7 (6.4)  
History of sexually transmitted diseases     0.30     0.003
 No 43 (43.0) 13 (35.1) 30 (47.6)   57 (45.6) 4 (17.4) 53 (52.0)  
 Yes 57 (57.0) 24 (64.9) 33 (52.4)   68 (54.4) 19 (82.6) 49 (48.0)  
Syphilis co-infection     0.03     0.11
 No 39 (37.9) 9 (23.7) 30 (46.2)   54 (40.0) 6 (25.0) 48 (43.2)  
 Yes 64 (62.1) 29 (76.3) 35 (53.8)   81 (60.0) 18 (75.0) 63 (56.8)  
  1. Note: Sample size for each variable may reduce due to missing data; IQR inter quartile range
  2. aCD4 count <350 cells/μL was eligible for free antiretroviral therapy at the time of the study
  3. bEver had at least one of these adverse clinical symptoms in the past 6 months: severe weight loss (>10 %), fever (>1 month, continuing or intermittent), chronic diarrhea (>1 month), severe bacterial infection (e.g. pneumonia), oral candidiasis, oral leukoplakia, tuberculosis other stage III or stage IV symptoms