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Table 1 Sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Beijing, China

From: Predictors of antiretroviral therapy initiation: a cross-sectional study among Chinese HIV-infected men who have sex with men

   Having initiated ART  
Characteristic Total sample (N=238),
n (%)
Yes (N=62),
n (%)
No (N=176),
n (%)
P-value
Age, median (IQR) (year) 31 (26–37) 36 (31–42) 30 (26–35) <0.001
Ethnicity     0.69
 Han 224 (94.1) 59 (95.2) 165 (93.7)  
 Others 13 (5.9) 3 (4.8) 6.3 (6.3)  
Marital status     <0.001
 Currently unmarried 170 (71.4) 31 (50.0) 139 (79.0)  
 Currently married 68 (28.6) 31 (50.0) 37 (21.0)  
Education (year of schooling)     0.78
 College or above (>12) 128 (53.8) 31 (50.0) 97 (55.1)  
 Senior high school (10–12) 69 (29.0) 18 (29.1) 51 (29.0)  
 Junior high school (7–9) 34 (14.3) 11 (17.7) 23 (13.1)  
 Primary school (<=6) 7 (2.9) 2 (3.2) 5 (2.8)  
Occupational status     0.27
 Employed 178 (74.8) 47 (75.8) 131 (74.4)  
 Non-employed/retired 34 (14.3) 12 (19.4) 22 (12.5)  
 Student 10 (4.2) 1 (1.6) 9 (5.1)  
 Other 16 (6.7) 2 (3.2) 14 (8.0)  
Beijing Hukou     0.003
 No 91 (38.2) 14 (22.6) 77 (43.7)  
 Yes 147 (61.8) 48 (77.4) 99 (56.3)  
Duration of living in Beijing (year)     0.008
 <5 99 (41.6) 17 (27.4) 82 (46.6)  
 ≥5 139 (58.4) 45 (72.6) 94 (53.4)  
Time from HIV infection to survey (month)     0.001
 <15 115 (48.3) 6 (9.7) 109 (61.9)  
 ≥15 123 (51.7) 56 (90.3) 67 (38.1)  
Self-report health condition     0.91
 Very good/good 193 (81.1) 50 (80.6) 143 (81.3)  
 Somewhat poor/very poor 45 (18.9) 12 (19.4) 33 (18.7)  
Ever had AIDS-like clinical symptomsa     0.02
 No 177 (74.4) 39 (62.9) 138 (78.4)  
 Yes 61 (25.6) 23 (37.1) 38 (21.6)  
Had unprotected insertive anal sex with men in past 6 months     0.004
 No 77 (71.3) 21 (95.5) 56 (65.1)  
 Yes 31 (28.7) 1 (4.5) 30 (34.9)  
Had unprotected receptive anal sex with men in past 6 months     <0.001
 No 86 (64.7) 27 (93.1) 59 (56.7)  
 Yes 47 (35.3) 2 (6.9) 45 (43.6)  
Had multiple concurrent male partners in past 12 months     0.60
 No 211 (90.9) 57 (93.4) 154 (90.1)  
 Yes 21 (9.1) 4 (6.6) 17 (9.9)  
Had commercial sex in past 12 months     0.52
 No 220 (94.4) 60 (96.8) 160 (93.6)  
 Yes 13 (5.6) 2 (3.2) 11 (6.4)  
History of sexually transmitted diseases     0.003
 No 100 (44.4) 17 (28.3) 83 (50.3)  
 Yes 125 (55.6) 43 (71.7) 82 (49.7)  
Syphilis co-infection     0.003
 No 93 (39.1) 15 (24.2) 78 (44.3)  
 Yes 145 (60.9) 47 (75.8) 98 (55.7)  
  1. Note: Sample size for each variable may vary due to missing data; IQR interquartile range, ART antiretroviral therapy
  2. aEver had at least one of these adverse clinical symptoms in the past 6 months: severe weight loss (>10 %), fever (>1 month, continuing or intermittent), chronic diarrhea (>1 month), severe bacterial infection (e.g. pneumonia), oral candidiasis, oral leukoplakia, tuberculosis other stage III or stage IV symptoms