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Table 2 Effect of age and malaria parasitaemia status on some cardiovascular indices

From: Influence of Plasmodium gametocyte carriage on the prevalence of fever, splenomegaly and cardiovascular parameters in children less than 15 years in the Mount Cameroon area: cross sectional study

Parameter Category Malaria parasitaemia status P- value
AP ASP Pos ASP + Gam Pos
N 285 136 33  
Age group in Years % (n) ≤ 5 38.6 (110) 37.5 (51) 45.5 (15) 0.51
6–10 46.7 (133) 42.6 (58) 45.5 (15)
11–14 14.7 (42) 19.9 (27) 9.1 (3)
Mean (SD) Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) ≤ 5 97.0 (11.7) 103.9 (25.6) 104.1 (18.6) 0.57
6–10 104.2 (18.5) 99.6 (16.2) 87.1 (6.1) <0.001
11–14 101.0 (12.3) 104.6 (11.8) 98.0 (13.9) 0.33
Mean (SD) Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) ≤ 5 63.5 (9.8) 72.2 (27.7) 68.0 (23.4) 0.79
6–10 67.7 (17.9) 66.4 (13.6) 57.2 (9.1) 0.09
11–14 64.5 (10.2) 69.4 (10.7) 65.7 (9.3) 0.17
Mean (SD) Heart rate (Beats/min) ≤ 5 107.6 (19.4) 112.5 (24.9) 101.6 (22.8) 0.29
6–10 99.3 (15.8) 101.2 (13.4) 112.6 (21.3) 0.21
11–14 89.0 (11.9) 91.8 (13.6) 95.3 (2.3) 0.37