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Table 2 Samples excluded from the analysis due to insufficient volume and the samples included in the analysis by site

From: Performance of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin to distinguish viral from bacterial and malarial causes of fever in Southeast Asia

Cause of fever Excluded due to low volume n (%) Cambodia n (%) Laos n (%) Thailand n (%) Total n (%) Aetiological group (% of samples with single infection)
Dengue 98 (25) 81 (19) 75 (14) 157 (37) 313 (23) Viral, n = 555 (50)
Japanese encephalitis 38 (10) 26 (6) 81 (16) 5 (1) 112 (8)
Influenza/RSV 23 (6) 32 (8) 98 (19) NA 130 (9)
Rickettsial infectiona 56 (15) 36 (8) 89 (17) 92 (21) 217 (16) Rickettsia/Leptospira, n = 334 (30)
Leptospirosis 39 (10) 7 (2) 70 (14) 40 (9) 117 (9)
Bacteraemia 46 (12) 59 (14) 20 (4) 11 (3) 91 (7) Bacteraemia, n = 91 (8)
Malaria 10 (3) 6 (1) 15 (3) 104 (24) 125 (9) Malaria, n = 125 (12)
Multiple pathogens 73 (19) 179 (42) 68 (13) 21 (5) 267 (19)  
Total 383 426 (100) 516 (100) 433 (100) 1372 (100) 1105
  1. These samples were a sub-set of the original study, to include only those with identified infections. The main focus of the analysis was on those samples with a single pathogen that was identified as the cause of illness (allowing for co-infection with malaria PCR positive microscopy/RDT negative cases which are not assumed to be the cause of fever)
  2. aScrub or murine typhus