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Table 4 Acute and chronic comorbidities in patients with pneumonia caused by Haemophilus species

From: No development of ciprofloxacin resistance in the Haemophilus species associated with pneumonia over a 10-year study

Organs Acute comorbidities Organs Chronic comorbidities
Cardiovascular diseases Number of patients (%) Cardiovascular diseases Number of patients (%)
 Anemia 8 (9.8)  Aneurysm 3 (3.7)
 Angina pectoris 1 (1.2)  Cardiomyopathy 3 (3.7)
 Blood pressure derailment 1 (1.2)  Coronary artery disease 20 (24.4)
 Cardiac decompensation 9 (11.0)  Heart failure 12 (14.6)
 Cardiac arrhythmia 20 (24.4)  Hypertension 41 (50.0)
 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 8 (9.8)  Hypertensive heart disease 4 (4.9)
 Deep vein thrombosis 1 (1.2)  Peripheral arterial occlusive disease 5 (6.1)
 Myocardial infarction 9 (11.0)  State after heart attack 5 (6.1)
 Sepsis 11 (13.4)  Valvular heart disease 4 (4.9)
 Shock 3 (3.7)   
 Syncope 1 (1.2)   
Pulmonary diseases   Pulmonary diseases  
 Acute respiratory distress syndrome 1 (1.2)  Asbestosis 2 (2.4)
 Acute respiratory failure 16 (19.5)  Asthma 3 (3.7)
 Exacerbation by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 8 (9.8)  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 27 (32.9)
 Pleural effusion 8 (9.8)  Chronic respiratory insufficiency 1 (1.2)
 Pneumothorax 1 (1.2)  Cor pulmonale 3 (3.7)
 Pulmonary embolism 4 (4.9)  Emphysema 12 (14.6)
    Lung fibrosis 1 (1.2)
    Lung tumor 8 (9.8)
    Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 10 (12.2)
    State after tuberculosis 1 (1.2)
Gastrointestinal diseases   Gastrointestinal diseases  
 Cholecystitis 1 (1.2)  Appendectomy 1 (1.2)
 Gastritis 2 (2.4)  Cholecystectomy 2 (2.4)
 Gastroenteritis 4 (4.9)  Chronic pancreatitis 2 (2.4)
 Gastrointestinal bleeding 2 (2.4)  Colitis 1 (1.2)
 Hyperglycemia 1 (1.2)  Crohn’s disease 1 (1.2)
 Hypoglycemia 1 (1.2)  Diabetes 18 (22.0)
    Diverticulosis 4 (4.9)
    Gallstones 3 (3.7)
    Hemorrhoids 1 (1.2)
    Hiatal hernia 1 (1.2)
    Hyperlipidemia 12 (14.6)
    Liver cirrhosis 1 (1.2)
    Obesity 8 (9.8)
Kidney diseases   Kidney diseases  
 Acute renal failure 5 (6.1)  Benign prostatic hyperplasia 2 (2.4)
 Acute urinary tract infection 5 (6.1)  Chronic renal failure 6 (7.3)
 Electrolyte imbalance 7 (8.5)  Diabetic nephropathy 2 (2.4)
 Exsiccosis 1 (1.2)  Prostate carcinoma 1 (1.2)
 Urinary retention 1 (1.2)  Renal cyst 1 (1.2)
 Urosepsis 1 (1.2)   
Thyroid disease   Thyroid disease  
 Hypothyroidism 5 (6.1)  Goiter 2 (2.4)
Orthopedics   Orthopedics  
 Fracture 4 (4.9)  Osteoarthritis 2 (2.4)
 Traumatic brain injury 1 (1.2)  Osteoporosis 3 (3.7)
    Rheumatism 3 (3.7)
    Spondylosis 1 (1.2)
Ear, nose, and throat diseases   Ear, nose, and throat disease  
 Acute rhinosinusitis 3 (3.7)  Presbycusis 1 (1.2)
 Laryngitis 1 (1.2)   
 Nosebleed 1 (1.2)   
Neurology diseases   Neurology diseases  
 Hypoxic encephalopathy 1 (1.2)  Epilepsy 8 (9.8)
 Rhabdomyolysis 1 (1.2)  Polyneuropathy 3 (3.7)
 Stroke 3 (3.7)  Restless legs syndrome 6 (7.3)
    State after encephalitis 1 (1.2)
    State after stroke 6 (7.3)
    Sturge-Weber syndrome 1 (1.2)
Psychiatric diseases   Psychiatric diseases  
 Delirium 4 (4.9)  Alcoholism 3 (3.7)
 Depression 2 (2.4)  Dementia 3 (3.7)
    Former smoking 4 (4.9)
Ophthalmological disorder   Ophthalmological disorder  
 Retinal detachment 1 (1.2)  State after central retinal vein occlusion 1 (1.2)
Skin diseases   Skin disease  
 Allergy 4 (4.9)  Psoriasis 1 (1.2)
 Erysipelas 1 (1.2)   
 Exanthem 1 (1.2)