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Table 3 Department characteristics

From: Appropriate antibiotic use for patients with complicated urinary tract infections in 38 Dutch Hospital Departments: a retrospective study of variation and determinants

Departments Internal Medicine (n = 19) Urology (n = 19) Total (n = 38)
Number of beds, mean (SD) 67 (22) 18 (9) 43 (30)
% Female physicians, mean (SD) 33 (13) 17 (15) 25 (16)
Teaching hospital department* 17 (89) 12 (63) 29 (76)
Residents working at the department 19 (100) 16 (84) 35 (92)
Microbiological laboratory in the same building as the department 12 (63) 8 (42) 20 (53)
Reporting of a positive urine culture by phone (incidentally or structurally) 0 2 (11) 2 (5)
Structurala education on antibiotics for residents 14 (74) 4 (21) 18 (47)
Structural education on antibiotics for senior staff members 4 (21) 0 4 (11)
Audit and feedback (incidentallyb or structurally)    
On antibiotic prescriptionsc, at the department level 2 (11) 8 (42) 10 (26)
On antibiotic prescriptionsc, at the individual level 0 2 (11) 2 (5)
On antibiotic resistance rates of the hospital 9 (47) 12 (63) 21 (55)
Individual advice (of microbiologist/ pharmacist/ infectious diseases (ID) physician), incidentally or structurally, regarding streamlining therapy on the basis of blood or urine culture result 16 (84) 16 (84) 32 (84)
Microbiologist and/or ID physician structurally present at ward rounds discussing antibiotic therapy 6 (32) 0 6 (16)
Quality improvement project concerning antibiotic prescribing in past 3 years 8 (42) 7 (37) 15 (40)
Changes in antibiotic procedures or policies in past 3 yearsd 13 (68) 14 (74) 27 (71)
  1. *Numbers are n (%), unless otherwise indicated
  2. aoccurring repeatedly at fixed moments in time.
  3. boccurring repeatedly but not consequently at fixed moments
  4. cfeedback on the number and classes of antibiotics prescribed by the individual professional or in the department in a certain time period (not specifically for complicated UTIs)
  5. de.g. culture results became electronically available (while previously on paper), (new) local hospital guideline for complicated UTIs became available, ID physician joined medical staff (while previously no ID physician)