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Table 1 Set of Quality Indicators [12]

From: Appropriate antibiotic use for patients with complicated urinary tract infections in 38 Dutch Hospital Departments: a retrospective study of variation and determinants

  Quality indicators
1 Perform a urine culture
2A Prescribe empirical therapy in accordance with the national guideline
2B Prescribe empirical therapy in accordance with the local guideline
3 Switch from intravenous to oral therapy within 72 h on the basis of the clinical condition*
4 Tailor antibiotic treatment on the basis of culture results
5 Use fluoroquinolones selectively (oral therapy, or in case of anaphylaxis to β-lactam antibiotics)
6A Duration of antibiotic therapy should be at least 10 days (in accordance with the national guideline)
6B Duration of antibiotic therapy should be according to the local guideline
7A Treat UTI in men in accordance with the national guideline
7B Treat UTI in men in accordance with the local guideline
8 Replace catheter after initiation of antibiotic treatment
9 Adapt antibiotic dose according to renal function
  1. *Fulfilling the criteria for a safe early switch: haemodynamic stability, no gastrointestinal problems at 48 h after admission, no Staphylococcus aureus in the blood culture and the availability of an adequate oral antibiotic, based on culture result, or the availability of oral equivalent of the i.v. antibiotic [33]