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Table 2 Factors associated with entry in care (2007–2010) and retention in care (2010–2011) among HIV-infected patients in Belgium

From: Good continuum of HIV care in Belgium despite weaknesses in retention and linkage to care among migrants

  Entry in care Retention in care
Characteristic Entry OR for no entry (95 % CI) AORa for no entry (95 % CI) Retained OR for no retention (95 % CI) AORa for no retention (95 % CI)
Sex       
 Male 88.8 % 1 1 92.9 % 1 1
 Female 83.9 % 1.52 (1.26–1.83) 0.83 (0.58–1.19) 91.0 % 1.30 (1.13–1.49) 0.82 (0.66–1.04)
Age at diagnosis       
  <40 years 87.1 % 1 1 94.1 % 1 1
  ≥40 years 87.0 % 1.01 (0.84–1.22) 0.91 (0.67–1.24) 93.9 % 1.02 (0.86–1.23) 1.01 (0.81–1.25)
Way of transmission       
 Heterosexual 91.4 % 1 1 91.8 % 1 1
 MSM 94.6 % 0.61 (0.45–0.82) 0.97 (0.62–1.51) 95.1 % 0.56 (0.45–0.70) 0.59 (0.45–0.78)
 IDU 85.7 % 1.77 (0.85–3.66) 1.69 (0.71–4.05) 85.8 % 1.87 (1.22–2.86) 2.01 (1.27–3.17)
Nationality       
 Belgian 95.7 % 1 1 95.8 % 1 1
 SSA 88.8 % 2.82 (2.05–3.88) 3.36 (2.14–5.27) 92.8 % 1.74 (1.42–2.12) 1.50 (1.16–1.93)
 European 88.5 % 2.91 (1.94–4.35) 2.43 (1.52–3.90) 91.7 % 2.03 (1.48–2.78) 1.88 (1.35–2.61)
 Other 88.0 % 3.04 (1.93–4.79) 3.01 (1.81–5.01) 93.4 % 1.58 (1.09–2.29) 1.43 (0.97–2.10)
Reason for testing       
 Patient’s request 93.3 % 1 1 95.0 % 1 1
 Clinical arguments 93.5 % 0.97 (0.69–1.36) 0.90 (0.61–1.32) 94.3 % 1.15 (0.88–1.50) 1.01 (0.77–1.34)
 Preoperative 79.2 % 3.68 (2.01–6.73) 3.91 (2.03–7.53) 93.1 % 1.42 (0.82–2.46) 1.31 (0.74–2.32)
 Other 90.3 % 1.51 (1.04–2.20) 0.98 (0.63–1.53) 92.9 % 1.46 (1.09–1.95) 1.20 (0.89–1.63)
CD4 at first visit       
 CD4≥350 / / / 93.2 % 1 1
 CD4≥200 & <350 / / / 91.3 % 1.30 (0.90–1.86) 1.12 (0.74–1.69)
 CD4 < 200 / / / 91.5 % 1.28 (0.87–1.86) 1.16 (0.76–1.77)
Time since HIV diagnosis      
  <1 year / / / 90.0 % 1 1
 1 – <5 years / / / 93.9 % 0.59 (0.47–0.74) 0.55 (0.42–0.72)
 5 – <10 years / / / 95.4 % 0.44 (0.34–0.56) 0.42 (0.32–0.56)
  ≥10 years / / / 95.7 % 0.41 (0.32–0.51) 0.40 (0.31–0.53)
ART       
 Not on ART end 2009 / / / 93.5 % 1 1
 On ART end 2009 / / / 96.6 % 0.50 (0.39–0.64) 0.45 (0.34–0.61)
  1. p < 0.05, statistically significant variables presented in boldface
  2. aAdjusted for sex, age at diagnosis, nationality, way of transmission