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Table 2 Outcomes of MDR-TB in HIV co-infected adults based on commencement of ART prior to or after MDR-TB treatment initiation

From: Treatment outcomes in multidrug resistant tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus Co-infected patients on anti-retroviral therapy at Sizwe Tropical Disease Hospital Johannesburg, South Africa

Factors ART Prior ART After p-value
  N (%) N (%)  
Final Outcomes   
 Still on treatment 5 (0.9) 8 (2.0) 0.096
 Transferred out 26 (4.8) 18 (4.5)  
 Treatment Defaulted 105 (19.3) 101 (25.1)
 Treatment Completed 92 (16.9) 71 (17.7)  
 Cure 182 (33.4) 130 (32.3)
 Failure 16 (2.9) 12 (3.0)  
 Died 119 (21.8) 62 (15.4)  
Died    
 No 426 (78.2) 340 (84.6) 0.013*
 Yes 119 (21.8) 62 (15.4)  
Failure    
 No 529 (97.1) 390 (97.0) 0.965
 Yes 16 (2.9) 12 (3.0)  
Total 545 402  
  1. N - Total number in each group
  2. % - Column percentages
  3. *Significant p < 0.05