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Table 3 Risks factors associated with P. falciparum parasitaemia and malaria among pregnant women at first antenatal clinic visit in the study area

From: Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia and malaria among pregnant women at first clinic visit in the mount Cameroon Area

Factor Category P. falciparum parasitaemia Malaria
aOR (95 % CI) *P-value aOR (95 % CI) *P-value
Age group (years) ≤20 1.5 (0.5 – 4.5) 0.50 1.0 (0.2 – 4.0) 0.957
21–25 0.7 (0.3 – 2.1) 0.575 0.5 (0.1 – 2.0) 0.332
>25 R   R  
Gravidity status Primigravid 1.2 (0.4 – 4.0) 0.719 2.8 (0.7 – 11.3) 0.158
Secundigravid 1.0 (0.4 – 2.7) 0.978 0.7 (0.2 – 2.5) 0.595
Multigravid R   R  
Marital status Single 2.6 (1.1 -6.0) 0.032 1.9 (0.6 – 5.9) 0.254
Married R   R  
Trimester at first visit First 1.8 (0.4 – 8.8) 0.479 2.4 (0.4 – 14.6) 0.331
Second 0.9 (0.4 – 1.9) 0.717 0.7 (0.3 – 2.0) 0.542
Third R   R  
Knowledge on MiP Yes 0.6 (0.3 – 1.4) 0.244 0.3 (0.1 – 0.9) 0.037
No R    
House surrounding Vegetation/standing water 3.3 (1.6 – 7.0) 0.002 5.2 (2.0 – 14.0) 0.001
Absence R   R  
IPTp-SP uptake Yes 2.0 (0.7 – 5.7) 0.222 4.6 (1.3 – 16.4) 0.019
No R   R  
ITN usage Yes 1.1 (0.5 – 2.2) 0.862 1.2 (0.4 – 3.0) 0.785
χ2; P-value R    
  1. R = Redundant
  2. *Significance level obtained by multinomial logistic regression analysis
  3. aOdd ratio adjusted for all possible confounders
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