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Table 2 Factors associated with P. falciparum parasitaemia, malaria and asymptomatic infection among pregnant women at first antenatal clinic visit in the study area

From: Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia and malaria among pregnant women at first clinic visit in the mount Cameroon Area

Factor Category Pf parasitaemia Malaria %(n) Asymptomatic infection %(n)
Positive %(n) Negative %(n)
Age group (years) ≤20 34.8 (32) 65.2 (60) 25.0 (20) 15.0 (12)
21–25 14.3 (14) 85.7 (84) 9.0 (7) 9.0 (7)
>25 19.8 (22) 80.2 (89) 14.1 (14) 8.1 (8)
χ2; P-value 12.17; 0.002 11.96; 0.018
Gravidity status Primigravid 30.6 (26) 69.4 (59) 26.8 (19) 9.9 (7)
Secundigravid 19.4 (19) 80.6 (79) 9.3 (8) 12.8 (11)
Multigravid 19.7 (23) 80.3 (94) 14.0 (14) 9.0 (9)
χ2; P-value 4.25; 0.12 9.88; 0.043
Marital status Single 29.2 (28) 70.8 (68) 20.2 (17) 13.1 (11)
Married 19.7 (40) 80.3 (163) 14.0 (24) 9.3(16)
χ2; P-value 3.32; 0.068 2.94; 0.23
Knowledge on MiP Yes 20.0 (42) 79.5 (167) 12.2 (22) 11.0 (20)
No 24.7 (21) 75.3 (64) 23.6 (17) 6.9 (5)
χ2; P-value 0.64; 0.425 5.64; 0.06
Trimester at first visit First 23.5 (4) 76.5 (13) 26.7 (4) 0 (0)
Second 21.7 (38) 78.3 (137) 13.6 (21) 11.0 (17)
Third 23.9 (26) 76.1 (83) 18.2 (16) 11.4 (10)
χ2; P-value 0.19; 0.912 3.37; 0.444
House surrounding Vegetation/standing water 31.6 (36) 68.4 (78) 25.0 (24) 11.5 (11)
Absence 15.3 (27) 84.7 (150) 9.7 (15) 8.4 (13)
χ2; P-value 10.89; 0.001 12.22; 0.002
IPTp-SP uptake Yes 28.6 (10) 71.4 (25) 32.3 (10) 0 (0)
No 22.0 (58) 78.0 (206) 13.7 (31) 11.9 (27)
χ2; P-value 0.77; 0.381 9.74; 0.008
ITN usage Yes 21.2 (21) 78.8 (78) 15.1 (13) 9.3 (8)
No 23.8 (25) 76.2 (80) 17.8 (16) 10.0 (10)
χ2; P-value 0.20; 0.657 0.28; 0.870
  1. χ2 = Pearson chi-square test, Significance level = P < 0.05
  2. MiP = Malaria in pregnancy
  3. Pf = Plasmodium falciparum