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Table 3 Human papillomavirus (HPV) by age and human immunodeficiency (HIV) status in men

From: Human papillomavirus prevalence in South African women and men according to age and human immunodeficiency virus status

  All men HIV-positive men HIV-negative men P-valuea
N = 471 N = 158 N = 313  
Any HPV
 All men 59.4 % (280/471) 76.6 % (121/158) 50.8 % (159/313) <0.0001
  18–25 years 79.1 % (34/43) 87.5 % (7/8) 77.1 % (27/35) 0.535
  26–35 years 60.9 % (95/156) 77.8 % (49/63) 49.5 % (46/93) 0.0004
  36–45 years 60.5 % (101/167) 75.8 % (50/66) 50.5 % (51/101) 0.001
  46–66 years 47.6 % (50/105) 71.4 % (15/21) 41.7 % (35/84) 0.015
Multiple HPV infections
 All men 41.0 % (193/471) 62.7 % (99/158) 30.0 % (94/313) <0.0001
  18–25 years 55.8 % (24/43) 87.5 % (7/8) 48.6 % (17/35) 0.050
  26–35 years 44.2 % (69/156) 68.3 % (43/63) 28.0 % (26/93) <0.0001
  36–45 years 41.3 % (69/167) 59.1 % (39/66) 29.7 % (30/101) 0.0002
  46–66 years 29.5 % (31/105) 47.6 % (10/21) 25.0 % (21/84) 0.041
Single HPV infection
 All men 18.5 % (87/471) 13.9 % (22/158) 20.8 % (65/313) 0.071
  18–25 years 23.3 % (10/43) 0.0 % (0/8) 28.6 % (10/35)
  26–35 years 35.9 % (56/156) 9.5 % (6/63) 21.5 % (20/93) 0.050
  36–45 years 19.2 % (32/167) 16.7 % (11/66) 20.8 % (21/101) 0.511
  46–66 years 18.1 % (19/105) 23.8 % (5/21) 16.7 % (14/84) 0.453
HR-HPV
 All men 19.7 % (93/471) 54.4 % (86/158) 22.4 % (70/313) <0.0001
  18–25 years 48.8 % (21/43) 75.0 % (6/8) 42.9 % (15/35) 0.109
  26–35 years 39.1 % (61/156) 61.9 % (39/63) 23.7 % (22/93) <0.0001
  36–45 years 32.9 % (55/167) 50.0 % (33/66) 21.8 % (22/101) 0.0002
  46–66 years 21.0 % (22/105) 28.6 % (6/21) 19.0 % (16/84) 0.343
Probable HR-HPV
 All men 16.1 % (76/471) 54.4 % (86/158) 20.8 % (65/313) <0.0001
  18–25 years 41.9 % (18/43) 62.5 % (5/8) 37.1 % (13/35) 0.201
  26–35 years 28.2 % (44/156) 44.4 % (28/63) 17.2 % (16/93) 0.0002
  36–45 years 29.9 % (50/167) 31.8 % (21/66) 28.7 % (29/101) 0.671
  46–66 years 15.2 % (16/105) 42.9 % (9/21) 8.3 % (7/84) <0.0001
LR-HPV
 All men 29.5 % (139/471) 63.9 % (101/158) 33.2 % (104/313) <0.0001
  18–25 years 53.5 % (23/43) 75.0 % (6/8) 48.6 % (17/35) 0.187
  26–35 years 37.8 % (59/156) 66.7 % (42/63) 18.3 % (17/93) <0.0001
  36–45 years 47.9 % (80/167) 59.1 % (39/66) 40.6 % (41/101) 0.020
  46–66 years 41.0 % (43/105) 66.7 % (14/21) 34.5 % (29/84) 0.008
  1. Number of infection will not always add up because participants with multiple infections were sometimes counted more than once. acompares HIV-positive and HIV-negative men (chi-squared test)