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Table 2 Age, lymphocyte count, monocyte count, HHV-8 seropostitivity, titer of anti-HHV-8 antibodies, and presence of HHV-8 DNA in TB patients with and without effusions

From: Human herpesvirus type 8 in tuberculosis patients with effusion

  n Agea (years) Lymphocyte counta/μL Monocyte counta/μL IFA (+) rateb Anti-HHV-8 HHV-8 DNA
1:40 1:80 1:160 1:320 1:640 1:1280
TB patients with effusion 40 60.1 ± 17.1 1112 ± 452 558 ± 290 27.5 % (11/40) 7 3 0 1 0 0 1
P value   0.52 0.035c 0.87c 0.56d 0.45e 0.67f
TB patients without effusion 89 61.8 ± 12.6 1380 ± 729g 549 ± 293g 32.6 % (29/89) 14 8 2 1 3 1 5
  1. HHV-8 human herpesvirus type 8, IFA mmunofluorescence assay, TB tuberculosis
  2. aMean ± standard deviation. bPositive in the IFA. c t-test. dχ2 test. eMann–Whitney test. fFisher’s exact test. gLymphocyte and monocyte counts of 9 TB patients without effusions were unavailable
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