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Table 2 Clinical presentation of 242 patients with suspected neurological infectious disease, divided according to confirmed neurological infection or other diagnosis

From: An integrated model of care for neurological infections: the first six years of referrals to a specialist service at a university teaching hospital in Northwest England

  Neurological infectious disease (n = 150) Other diagnosis (n = 91) p value
Fever 33 (22 %) 24 (26 %) 0.44
Headache 45 (30 %) 42 (46 %) 0.01
Meningism 53 (35 %) 19 (21 %) 0.02
Altered sensorium 52 (35 %) 15 (16 %) 0.002
Seizures 13 (9 %) 14 (15 %) 0.14
Focal deficit 11 (7 %) 9 (10 %) 0.48
Peripheral nerve lesion 10 (7 %) 9 (10 %) 0.46
Fever + abnormal neurological finding a 23 (15 %) 6 (7 %) 0.06
Headache + abnormal neurological finding a 16 (11 %) 7 (8 %) 0.51
Fever + headache + abnormal neurological finding a 8 (5 %) 0 0.026
  1. Data represent the number of patients for each individual clinical finding, and patients may be counted more than once
  2. a Abnormal neurological finding is any of: altered sensorium, seizures or focal neurological signs. These groupings count each individual patient once only