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Table 7 Empirical prescription of antimicrobial agents. A. All cases of cellulitis B. Cases with pathogen isolated

From: Clinical and microbiological characteristics of purulent and non-purulent cellulitis in hospitalized Taiwanese adults in the era of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

A. Prescription of antimicrobial agents in all 465 cases of cellulitis
  All (n = 465) Non-purulent group (n = 369) Purulent group (n = 96) P-value
Penicillin (%) 137 (29.5) 130 (35.2) 7 (7.3) <0.001
Oxacillin (%) 133 (28.6) 95 (25.7) 38 (39.6) 0.008
Cefazolin (%) 90 (19.4) 73 (19.8) 17 (17.7) 0.647
β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor (%) 17 (3.7) 9 (2.4) 8 (8.3) 0.012
Penicillin plus clindamycin (%) 16 (3.4) 16 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 0.052
Other (%) 72 (15.4) 46 (12.5) 26 (27.1) <0.001
B. Prevalence of appropriate antimicrobial agent in 211 cases with pathogen isolated
  All (n = 211) Non-purulent group (n = 131) Purulent group (n = 80) P-value
Appropriate antimicrobial agent (%) 152 (72.0) 109 (83.2) 43 (53.8) <0.001
  1. Data are number (%) of patients, unless otherwise indicated