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Table 3 Microbiologic features of VAP pathogens

From: Reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia in neonatal intensive care unit using “VAP prevention Bundle”: a cohort study

Pathogen Phases Total
Phase I Phase II
Positive Culture (%) 37 (88) 29 (93.5) 66 (90.4)
Gram-negative (%) 36 (97.2) 27 (93.1) 63 (95.5)
- K-pneumoniae 32 (86.5) 23 (79.3) 55 (83.4)
- P-aeruginosa 2 (5.4) 4 (13.8) 6 (9)
- E-coli 2 (5.4) - (-) 2 (3)
Gram-positive (%) - (-) 2 (6.9) 2 (3)
Fungi (%) 1 (2.7) 3a (10.4) 4 (6)
MDR (%) 9 (24.3) 8 (27.6) 17 (25.8)
  1. K klebsiella, P pseudomonas, E Escherichia, MDR multiple-drug resistant, athree cases in phase-II showed combined K pneumonia and candida spp isolates