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Table 2 Ventilator-associated pneumonia rates

From: Reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia in neonatal intensive care unit using “VAP prevention Bundle”: a cohort study

Item Phases
Phase I Phase II
MV Neonate 62 81
VAP episodes 42 31
MV days 1154 1346
VAP % 67.8 38.2
VAP/1000 MV days 36.4 23
Relative Risk (RR) 0.565
95 % C.I. 0.408-0.782
Z score 3.437
P 0.0006
  1. MV mechanical ventilation, VAP ventilator-associated pneumonia, CI confidence interval