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Table 3 Demographic characteristics of tuberculosis cases and factors associated with unreported cases

From: Factors associated with unreported tuberculosis cases in Spanish hospitals

  Total Reported   Unreported   Bivariate analysis   Multivariate analysis  
  N = 592 N = 507   N = 85   OR (95 % CI) p-value OR (95 % CI) p-value
Variables   n % n %     
Age (years)          
 18-30 146 128 87.7 18 12.3 1.19 [0.62-2.27] 0.592   
 31-50 237 212 89.5 25 10.5 Ref. Ref.   
 51-64 62 52 83.9 10 16.1 1.64 [0.71-3.56] 0.238   
 >65 121 92 76 29 24 2.66 [1.48-4.84] 0.001   
 Unknown 26 23 88.5 3 11.5 1.15 [0.25-3.66] 0.835   
Sex          
 Male 368 321 87.2 47 12.8 Ref. Ref.   
 Female 214 179 83.6 35 16.4 1.34 [0.83-2.14] 0.235   
 Unknown 10 7 70 3 30 3.00 [0.59-11.5] 0.165   
Employment          
 Employed 205 174 84.9 31 15.1 1.54 [0.70-3.7] 0.296 1.75 (0.74-4.09) 0.197
 Unemployed 184 169 91.8 15 8.2 0.77 [0.32-2.02] 0.581 0.88 (0.35-2.23) 0.801
 Retired 125 94 75.2 31 24.8 2.84 [1.27-7.04] 0.01 3.04 (1.29-7.18) 0.011
 Unknown/On  disability 78 70 89.7 8 10.3 Ref. Ref.   Ref.
Living situation          
 With family 423 371 87.7 52 12.3 Ref. Ref.   
 Alone 42 33 78.6 9 21.4 1.96 [0.84-4.21] 0.116   
In a group 64 53 82.8 11 17.2 1.49 [0.70-2.96] 0.287   
 Homeless 14 11 78.6 3 21.4 2.01 [0.42-6.81] 0.338   
 Incarcerated 10 8 80 2 20 1.88 [0.25-7.95] 0.477   
 Unknown 39 31 79.5 8 20.5 1.86 [0.76-4.12] 0.166   
Center of diagnosis          
 Emergency  Department. 320 283 88.4 37 11.6 Ref. Ref.   
 Primary care 113 94 83.2 19 16.8 1.55 [0.83-2.80] 0.163   
 Specialty clinic 91 76 83.5 15 16.5 1.52 [0.77-2.87] 0.223   
 Unknown or other 68 54 79.4 14 20.6 1.99 [0.98-3.88] 0.058   
Country of origin          
 Spain 401 334 83.3 67 16.7 Ref. Ref.   
 Other 191 173 90.6 18 9.4 0.52 [0.29-0.89] 0.016