Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with never-testing for HIV among women (n = 1360) as determined by multilevel multivariate logistic regression

From: Which adults in the Paris metropolitan area have never been tested for HIV? A 2010 multilevel, cross-sectional, population-based study

   Model 1 Model 2
   aOR [95 % CI] aOR [95 % CI]
Individual variables    
Age 18–29 years 1.70 [1.12–2.56] 1.66 [1.04–2.66]
  30–44 years Ref. Ref.
  45–59 years 2.15 [1.54–2.99] 2.18 [1.50–3.17]
  60–69 years 2.55 [1.60–4.05] 2.69 [1.57–4.62]
Immigration status    
  French/French parents Ref. Ref.
  French/foreign parent (s) 1.25 [0.91–1.73] 1.07 [0.75–1.55]
  Foreigner 1.55 [1.06–2.27] 1.37 [0.89–2.10]
Child under 20 years of age    
  Yes Ref. Ref.
  No 2.94 [2.17–3.99] 3.49 [2.41–5.07]
Education level    
  None or primary school 3.04 [1.77–5.23] 2.61 [1.45–4.71]
  Secondary school 1.57 [1.15–2.12] 1.52 [1.08–2.13]
  Post-secondary Ref. Ref.
Employment status    
  Actively employed Ref. Ref.
  All others 1.54 [1.12–2.12] 1.11 [0.78–158]
Socio-occupational category    
  Never worked 2.39 [1.39–4.10] 1.81 [0.99–3.27]
  Blue collar 1.28 [0.59–2.80] 1.02 [0.44–2.36]
  Lower white-collar 1.30 [0.88–1.91] 1.12 [0.74–1.72]
  Tradespeople, etc. 1.71 [1.15–2.54] 1.82 [1.18–2.80]
  Upper white-collar Ref. Ref.
Health insurance status    
HI + additional insurance Ref. Ref.  
  HI for the poor 0.95 [0.58–1.54] 1.29 [0.75–2.22]
HI with no additional insurance 1.72 [1.15–2.57] 2.09 [1.32–3.32]  
Self-perception of HIV risk    
  High   Ref.
  Low   5.04 [3.43–7.41]
Knowing PLWHA    
  Yes   Ref.
  No   2.01 [1.49–2.71]
Sexual partnerships during previous 5 years    
  No partnerships   2.15 [1.26–3.67]
  One partnership   1.73 [1.12–2.68]
  Multiple partnerships   Ref.
Couple status at the time of the survey    
  No relationship   2.35 [1.15–4.78]
  Love affair   2.03 [0.97–4.27]
  Non-cohabiting couple   Ref.
  Cohabiting couple   3.25 [1.57–6.72]
Lifetime number of couple relationships    
  None   2.63 [1.55–4.46]
  One   1.39 [0.99–1.93]
  ≥ 2   Ref.
History of STI    
  No   1.62 [1.05–2.50]
  Yes   Ref.
Sense of belonging to a community    
  Yes   1.33 [0.99–1.79]
  No   Ref.
Level 2 variance   0.1179 (0.0637) 0.1655 (0.0804)
P-value   0.064 0.039
MOR   1.39 1.47
  1. Empty model: level 2 variance = 0.1864 (0.0698); p = 0.008; MOR = 1.51