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Table 1 Participant characteristics by quartiles (Q) of diet pattern scores. Results are depicted as mean (standard error) or frequencies

From: Diet patterns and risk of sepsis in community-dwelling adults: a cohort study

   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Convenience Age, mean (SE) 67.3 (0.1) 65.4 (0.1) 64.4 (0.1) 62.3 (0.1)*
Black (%) 46 37 28 23*
Male (%) 35 39 48 55*
Residence in the US Southeast (%)a 62 57 55 51*
Annual family income < $20,000 (%) 24 18 15 14*
Less than high school education (%) 14 10 7 7*
Current Smoker (%) 13 14 13 15
Abdominal adiposity (%) 48 47 46 48
Physical activity (none) (%) 34 33 31 33
Sedentary behavior (%)b 32 30 29 31*
Diabetes (%) 22 20 17 18*
Coronary heart disease (%) 19 17 16 15*
Hypertension (%) 62 59 55 52**
Chronic pulmonary disease (%) 9 9 9 10
Chronic kidney disease (%) 23 21 19 17*
Plant Based Age, mean (SE) 62.7 (0.1) 65.2 (0.1) 65.8 (0.1) 65.8 (0.1)*
Black (%) 27 34 35 38*
Male (%) 53 45 41 37*
Residence in the US Southeast (%)a 56 58 56 55
Annual family income < $20,000 (%) 18 18 18 18
Less than high school education (%) 10 11 9 8*
Current Smoker (%) 23 14 10 8*
Abdominal adiposity (%) 47 48 47 47
Physical activity (none) (%) 40 35 30 26*
Sedentary behavior (%)b 36 32 29 26*
Diabetes (%) 17 20 20 20*
Coronary heart disease (%) 17 18 17 17
Hypertension (%) 54 58 58 57**
Chronic pulmonary disease (%) 9 9 10 10
Chronic kidney disease (%) 19 22 20 19
Sweets/Fats Age, mean (SE) 64.3 (0.1) 65.5 (0.1) 65.3 (0.1) 64.5 (0.1)
Black (%) 45 33 28 28*
Male (%) 38 41 47 49*
Residence in the US Southeast (%)a 53 55 56 61*
Annual family income < $20,000 (%) 18 17 16 20
Less than high school education (%) 9 9 9 11**
Current Smoker (%) 12 12 13 17*
Abdominal adiposity (%) 50 47 46 46*
Physical activity (none) (%) 31 32 33 36*
Sedentary behavior (%)b 28 28 29 37*
Diabetes (%) 22 21 19 16*
Coronary heart disease (%) 16 18 17 18
Hypertension (%) 59 57 56 55*
Chronic pulmonary disease (%) 9 9 10 10**
Chronic kidney disease (%) 21 20 20 19
Southern Age, mean (SE) 64.9 (0.1) 65.2 (0.1) 65.5 (0.1) 63.9 (0.1)*
Black (%) 9 24 41 60*
Male (%) 37 39 46 54*
Residence in the US Southeast (%)a 49 54 59 64*
Annual family income < $20,000 (%) 10 14 20 27*
Less than high school education (%) 4 7 11 17*
Current Smoker (%) 8 11 15 21*
Abdominal adiposity (%) 37 46 50 56*
Physical activity (none) (%) 28 33 34 36*
Sedentary behavior (%)b 22 26 33 42*
Diabetes (%) 11 17 21 28*
Coronary heart disease (%) 15 18 18 18*
Hypertension (%) 46 54 61 67*
Chronic pulmonary disease (%) 10 9 10 9
Chronic kidney disease (%) 15 19 22 24*
Alcohol/Salads Age, mean (SE) 66.3 (0.1) 65.2 (0.1) 64.5 (0.1) 63.6 (0.1)*
Black (%) 50 38 26 19*
Male (%) 36 40 47 53*
Residence in the US Southeast (%)a 59 59 57 51*
Annual family income < $20,000 (%) 30 19 14 9*
Less than high school education (%) 16 11 7 5*
Current Smoker (%) 11 13 15 15*
Abdominal adiposity (%) 49 49 45 46**
Physical activity (none) (%) 36 34 31 29*
Sedentary behavior (%)b 35 32 28 27*
Diabetes (%) 21 21 18 16*
Coronary heart disease (%) 15 18 18 18*
Hypertension (%) 46 54 61 67*
Chronic pulmonary disease (%) 10 9 10 9
Chronic kidney disease (%) 16 19 22 24*
  1. *P test for trend < 0.001; **P test for trend < 0.05; linear test for trend was based on general linear regression with diet pattern score (continuous) as the independent variable. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to generate p-values for categorical test for trend
  2. aDefined as living in US stroke belt/buckle states (North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, or Arkansas) at the time of the baseline visit; bDefined as ≥ 4 h of television viewing/day