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Table 2 Distribution of AIDS cases according to time from first HIV-positive test and use of antiretroviral drugs and odds ratiosa for early mortality. Italy, 1999-2009

From: Risk factors for early mortality after AIDS in the cART era: A population-based cohort study in Italy

  Use of pre-AIDS antiretroviral drugsb
Yes No
Cases/deaths Cases/deaths
No./No. OR (95 % CI) No./No. OR (95 % CI)
Time from first HIV-positive test to AIDS diagnosis (months)c
 0-1 113/25 1.17 (0.73-1.86) 4723/889 1.01 (0.87-1.18)
 2-3 136/20 0.75 (0.46-1.24) 861/152 0.94 (0.75-1.17)
 4-6 105/22 1.14 (0.69-1.86) 168/27 0.82 (0.53-1.28)
 7-12 112/16 0.76 (0.44-1.31) 122/23 1.06 (0.66-1.72)
 ≥13 4600/874 1d 2435/433 1d
  1. aOdds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) estimated using multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, area of residence, education, HIV transmission mode, and year at AIDS diagnosis
  2. bData on pre-AIDS use of antiretroviral drugs were not available for 337 cases
  3. cInformation on date at first HIV-positive test was missing for 840 cases
  4. dReference category