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Table 1 Distribution of the socio-demographic variables among S. aureus carriers, carriers with resistances and MRSA carriers

From: Prevalence and resistance patterns of commensal S. aureus in community-dwelling GP patients and socio-demographic associations. A cross-sectional study in the framework of the APRES-project in Austria

Variable Sub-variable All S. aureus carrier S. aureus carrier with resistances S. aureus carrier with resistances (besides PEN) MRSA carrier
   % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
All   100 (3309) 16.6 (549) 70.1 (385) 64.8 (356) 1.5 (8)
Sex Female 56.6 (1862)a 13.9 (257)a 72.8 (187) 66.1 (170)a 2.3 (6)
  Male 43.6 (1428)b 20.3 (288)b 68.4 (197) 64.2 (185)a 0.7 (2)
p   <0.001 <0.001 0.235 0.640 0.234
Age 4–18 4.2 (139) 20.1 (28)a 71.4 (20) 67.9 (19) 0
  19–39 27.6 (913)a 18.2 (166)a,b 74.1 (123) 71.1 (118) 2.4 (4)
  40–64 45.1 (1493)b 16.8 (251)a,b 68.5 (172) 62.2 (156) 1.2 (3)
  65+ 23.1 (764)c 13.6 (251)b 67.3 (70) 60.6 (63) 1.0 (1)
p   <0.001 0.043 0.580 0.206 0.651
Educational level Primary 49.0 (1580)a 16.9 (265) 69.4 (184) 65.3 (173) 0.4 (1)
  Secondary 37.3 (1203)b 16.2 (194) 69.1 (134) 62.9 (120) 1.5 (3)
  Tertiary 13.7 (442)c 16.8 (74) 70.3 (52) 64.9 (48) 5.4 (4)
p   <0.001 0.891 0.991 0.741 0.018
Country of origin       
  Austria 86.0 (2806)a 16.7 (467) 69.0 (322) 63.6 (297) 1.5 (7)
  EU 15+ 3.2 (103)b 21.6 (22) 77.3 (17) 72.7 (16) 0
  New EU 28 2.8 (94)b 18.1 (17) 76.5 (13) 70.6 (12) 5.9 (1)
  Others 7.9 (259)b 14.0 (36) 75.0 (27) 69.4 (25) 0
p   <0.001 0.352 0.742 0.688 0.698
Location of residence       
  Urban 43.9 (1461)a 13.8 (200)a 67.2 (135) 59.2(119)a 1.5 (3)
  Rural 56.1 (1867)b 18.8 (345)b 71.8 (250) 68.1 (237)b 1.4 (5)
p   <0.001 <0.001 0.287 0.035 0.828
Job       
  Health care 5.8 (194)a,b 21.6 (42) 71.4 (30) 64.3 (27) 7.1 (3)
  Livestock farming 2.9 (96)b 16.7 (16) 62.5 (10) 56.3 (9) 0
  Kindergarten teacher/nanny 1.9 (62)b 11.3 (7) 85.7 (6) 85.7 (6) 0
p Others 78.8 (2621)c 16.5 (431) 70.3 (303) 64.7 (279) 0.9 (4)
  Not known 10.7 (355)a,b 15.7 (53) 67.9 (36) 66.0 (35) 1.9 (1)
   <0.001 0.302 0.866 0.755 0.119
  1. a,b,The subscript letters represent a subset of the variable category which is not significantly different at a significance level of p < 0.05 if it is the same subscript for the same sub-variable
  2. Significance at significance level of p < 0.005