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Table 1 Reported case series of hepatic tuberculosis

From: A systematic review of hepatic tuberculosis with considerations in human immunodeficiency virus co-infection

Author Year Location Total (N) Male (%) Age (Mean) Miliary (%) Local (%) Comments
Hersch [32] 1964 South Africa 200 58 33 90 10 Primarily diagnosed at autopsy
Alvarez & Carpio [29] 1983 Philippines 130 66 11-50# - - Two groups: w/ and w/o jaundice
Essop et al. [18] 1984 South Africa 96 - 20-70# 90 10 +/− prognostic groups
Maharaj et al. [20] 1987 South Africa 41 59 45 - - 22-month prospective study
Chien et al. [2] 1994 Taiwan 22 50 48 77 23 Comparison of miliary and local forms
Kok et al. [44] 1999 Brunei 5 80 41 0 100 Brief cases and literature review
Huang et al. [49] 2003 Taiwan 5 60 60 0 100 Retrospective PCR analysis
Vilaichone et al. [45] 2004 Thailand 20 85 35 - - 10 HIV+, 2 SLE, 8 immunocompetent
Yu et al. [60] 2004 China 12 58 38 33 67 CT, MRI, US findings
Desai et al. [14] 2006 India 7 86 2-65# 0 100 2-year retrospective; 1 HIV+
Amarapurkar et al. [76] 2008 India 38 71 38 39 61 Study excluded patients with HIV
Tai et al. [19] 2008 Taiwan 10 50 53 60 40 15-year retrospective study
Hwang et al. [50] 2009 South Korea 12 75 48 67 33 3 immunocompromised (HIV-)
Gounder et al. [30] 2012 South Africa 20 30 34 100 0 All HIV+
  1. PCR = Polymerase chain reaction; HIV = Human immunodeficiency virus; SLE = Systemic lupus erythematosus; CT = Computerized tomography; MRI = Magnetic resonance imaging; US = Ultrasound.
  2. #Approximate majority age range.