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Table 2 Univariable and multivariable generalized estimating equations analyses of factors associated with ≥ 95% adherence to antiretroviral therapy among 692 illicit drug users

From: Drug use patterns associated with risk of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive illicit drug users in a Canadian setting: a longitudinal analysis

Characteristic OR1 95% CI2 p AOR3 95% CI2 p
Gender (female vs. male) 0.70 0.56 – 0.88 0.002 0.77 0.68 – 0.87 0.038
Age (per 10 years older) 2.04 1.75 – 2.38 <0.001 1.66 1.54 – 1.80 <0.001
Caucasian (yes vs. no) 1.37 1.12 – 1.69 0.002 1.07 0.95 – 1.19 0.571
Heroin injection (yes vs. no)4 0.67 0.58 – 0.78 <0.001 0.76 0.67 – 0.85 0.002
Cocaine injection (yes vs. no)4 0.73 0.63 – 0.85 <0.001 0.74 0.66 – 0.83 0.001
Amphetamine injection (yes vs. no)4 1.14 0.89 – 1.47 0.305    
Crack cocaine smoking (yes vs. no)4 0.95 0.82 – 1.10 0.525    
Methadone maintenance therapy (yes vs. no)4 1.74 1.45 – 2.10 <0.001 1.96 1.75 – 2.19 <0.001
Time since ART initiation (per year increase) 1.08 1.06 – 1.11 <0.001 1.02 0.99 – 1.04 0.090
CD4+ cell count at ART initiation (per 100 cells/mL increase) 0.87 0.83 – 0.92 <0.001 0.88 0.85 – 0.90 <0.001
  1. 1. Odds Ratio; 2. 95% confidence interval; 3. Adjusted Odds Ratio; 4. Time-updated, refers to the six-month period prior to the interview.