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Table 1 Description of the population

From: Prevalence and management of antibiotic associated diarrhea in general hospitals

  Total sample of AB users n = 743 Comparison between nonAAD and AAD patients
nonAAD n = 672 AAD n = 71 pvalue of difference
Demographics characteristics
Age (yrs) mean (range) 67.7 (16-99) 67.3 (18.1) 71.9 (16.8) 0.040
Gender% male 51.5% 47.9% 53.5% 0.369
Clinical characteristics
Transfer from other ward 16.5% 16.4% 16.9% 0.917
ADL score (6-24) mean (SD) 12.3 (5.7) 12.0 (5.6) 14.2 (5.8) 0.002
Disorientation score (2-8) mean (SD) 2.9 (1.7) 2.9 (1.6) 3.5 (1.9) 0.001
Risk factors for diarrhea
Inflammatory bowel disease 7.3% 7.4% 5.6% 0.577
Proton pump inhibitors 54.6% 53.1% 69.0% 0.011
Chemotherapy 6.2% 6.0% 8.5% 0.406
Radiotherapy 2.0% 1.8% 4.2% 0.165
Tube feeding 3.9% 3.6% 7.0% 0.151
Endoscopic procedures 15.9% 14.9% 25.4% 0.022
Abdominal surgery 3.1% 2.8% 5.6% 0.194
Diabetes 26.6% 25.7% 35.2% 0.086
COPD 25.4% 25.7% 22.5% 0.555
HIV 1.2% 1.2% 1.4% 0.873
Transplantation 3.0% 3.0% 2.8% 0.940
Decubitus 0.4% 0.1% 2.8% 0.001
Laxatives 15.8% 16.4% 10.9% 0.260
Risk score (sum of factors) mean (SD) 1.5 (1.1) 1.5 (1.1) 1.9 (1.1) 0.001
Antibiotic use before diarrhea
More than one antibiotic prescribed 19.2% 18.0% 31.0% 0.008
Type of antibiotics*
Penicillins 63.1% 62.9% 64.8% 0.760
Quinolones 22.2% 21.6% 28.2% 0.204
Cephalosporins 11.8% 12.1% 9.9% 0.586
Macrolides 8.1% 8.2% 7.0% 0.737
Aminoglycosides 3.4% 3.6% 1.4% 0.336
Sulfonamides 1.7% 1.8% 1.4% 0.818
Other ab 7.3% 7.0% 9.9% 0.376
  1. *Type of antibiotics > 100% due to double and triple use.