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Table 2 Reproductive and sexual health characteristics and antenatal syphilis screening status of women recruited at delivery

From: Factors associated with failure to screen for syphilis during antenatal care in Ghana: a case control study

Characteristic Unscreened women N = 160, n (%) Screened women N = 327, n (%) P-value
Number of pregnancies    0.44
1-2 68 (42.5) 152 (46.5)  
3-4 49 (30.6) 104 (31.8)  
5-11 43 (26.9) 71 (21.7)  
Median (interquartile range) 3 (2–5) 3 (2–4) 0.54
Ever had STI    0.83
Yes 3 (1.9) 10 (3.1)  
No 154 (96.3) 310 (94.8)  
Does not know 3 (1.9) 7 (2.1)  
Ever had genital ulcer disease    0.82
Yes 5 (3.1) 9 (2.8)  
No 155 (96.9) 318 (97.2)  
Ever had yaws    0.59
Yes 3 (1.9) 5 (1.5)  
No 141 (88.1) 298 (91.1)  
Does not know 16 (10.0) 24 (7.3)  
Condom use with regular partner    0.86
Never 148 (92.5) 301 (92.1)  
Sometimes 12 (7.5) 26 (7.9)  
Ever had spontaneous abortion    0.10
Yes 30 (18.7) 43 (13.2)  
No 130 (81.3) 284 (86.8)  
Ever had premature birth    0.96
Yes 7 (4.4) 14 (4.3)  
No 153 (95.6) 313 (95.7)  
Ever had stillbirth    0.37
Yes 11 (6.9) 16 (4.9)  
No 149 (93.1) 311 (95.1)  
a Ever had any adverse pregnancy outcome    0.06
Yes 47 (29.4) 71 (21.7)  
No 113 (70.6) 256 (78.3)  
Facility where antenatal care was attended most    <0.001
Public health facility 119 (74.4) 314 (96.0)  
Private health facility 41 (25.6) 13 (4.0)  
Gestation at booking    0.35
Early booking (up to 26 weeks) 150 (93.8) 313 (95.7)  
Late booking (after 26 weeks) 10 (6.2) 14 (4.3)  
Number of antenatal care visits    0.02
1-3 36 (22.5) 46 (14.1)  
4-16 124 (77.5) 281 (85.9)  
Median (interquartile range) 6 (4–8) 7 (5–9) 0.001
HIV screening    0.002
Yes 126 (78.8) 293 (89.6)  
No 34 (21.2) 34 (10.4)  
b Level of syphilis knowledge    0.24
Poor (scores 1–3) 66 (41.3) 117 (35.8)  
Average-Good (scores 4–9) 94 (58.7) 210 (64.2)  
Number of c IPT p doses given    <0.001
0 18 (11.2) 13 (4.0)  
1-2 75 (46.9) 118 (36.1)  
3 67 (41.9) 196 (59.9)  
Number of tetanus toxoid doses given    0.37
0 13 (8.1) 35 (10.7)  
1-2 147 (91.9) 292 (89.3)  
  1. aAdverse pregnancy outcome: spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery or stillbirth.
  2. bTotal score for knowledge = 9: scores of 1-3 = poor; 4-6 = average; 7-9 = good.
  3. cIPTp- Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy (using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine).