Skip to main content

Table 2 Prenatal care and anti-HIV tests performed according to maternal and service characteristics, Brazil, 2011-2012

From: Prenatal testing and prevalence of HIV infection during pregnancy: data from the “Birth in Brazil” study, a national hospital-based study

Maternal characteristics n Prenatal care (n = 23.894) Received card (n = 23.555) Presented card at maternity hospital (n = 23.555) Result from one anti-HIV serological test (n = 16.899) Results from two anti-HIV serological tests (n = 16.899)
   % p1 % p1 % p1 % p1 % p1
Region of residence            
Southeast 10.155 98.8 0.006 96.3 0.130 77.5 <0.001 88.2 <0.001 33.3 <0.001
North 2.296 97.5 97.9 64.2 69.9 18.4
Northeast 6.904 98.5 94.9 67.9 68.4 15.1
South 2.984 99.5 97.1 79.7 92.8 41.7
Midwest 1.555 98.7 94.2 45.1 83.2 36.8
Maternal age            
12 to 19 years 4.570 98.5 0.497 98.7 <0.001 74.7 <0.001 75.2 <0.001 26.0 0.020
20 to 34 years 16.807 98.7 95.8 71.7 83.0 28.7
35 and over 2.509 98.7 92.4 65.9 85.8 31.0
Schooling level, (years)            
11 or more 11.362 99.6 <0.001 93.4 <0.001 67.6 <0.001 88.2 <0.001 32.5 <0.001
8 to 10 6.081 98.8 98.0 74.5 80.8 28.5
0 to 7 6.317 96.9 98.9 76.2 72.3 21.5
Skin color            
White 8.079 99.2 0.001 94.2 <0.001 70.3 0.422 88.6 <0.001 34.6 <0.001
Mixed 13.403 98.5 96.8 72.1 78.3 25.3
Black 2.051 98.1 98.4 73.4 77.1 24.5
East Asian 257 98.3 93.5 73.9 77.7 27.0
Indigenous 99 95.0 98.2 80.1 91.7 34.4
Conjugal situation            
With partner 19.439 99.1   95.7   71.2   82.4   28.9  
Without partner 4.432 96.9 <0.001 97.4 0.002 73.4 0.107 78.7 0.001 26.1 0.023
Type of prenatal service            
Public clinic 17.575 --- --- 99.3 <0.001 76.3 <0.001 79.3 <0.001 27.6 0.116
Private clinic 5.971 --- --- 86.3 58.0 91.2 31.4
Type of delivery service            
Public 9.836 97.8 <0.001 99.0 <0.001 73.9 <0.001 76.3 <0.001 24.8 0.036
Mixed 10.596 99.1 97.8 77.0 84.3 30.8
Private 3.462 99.9 82.2 49.2 91.6 32.0
Total 23.894 98.7   96.0   71.6   81.7   28.4  
  1. 1Chi-square statistical test.
  2. Totals for these variables vary because of missing values. For type of prenatal service, total available for women who had prenatal care.