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Table 2 Perceptions of tuberculosis and tuberculosis screening among contacts

From: Barriers to adherence with tuberculosis contact investigation in six provinces of Vietnam: a nested case–control study

  Non-attendee responses (cases) Attendee responses (controls) Odds of non-attendance
Response n (%) n (%) ORadj 95% CI
Total 109   194    
Contact attitudes towards TB       
        Perceive discrimination against TB from outside the family 51 (47%) 70 (36%) 1.55 (0.95 -2.51)
        Believe that own risk of TB as being higher than the general population 76 (70%) 134 (69%) 1.2 (0.69 -2.07)
        Believe TB screening is beneficial for their family 91 (83%) 171 (88%) 0.55 (0.26 -1.15)
Knowledge and attitudes about TB       
        TB can be transmitted by       
                Sneezing 41 (38%) 62 (32%) 1.39 (0.84 -2.29)
                Talking 79 (72%) 149 (77%) 0.77 (0.44 -1.32)
                Sharing utensils 81 (74%) 156 (80%) 0.66 (0.37 -1.16)
                Sleeping in the same bedroom 70 (64%) 150 (77%) 0.46 (0.27 -0.78)
                Sharing towels, clothes etc. 67 (61%) 107 (55%) 1.25 (0.77 -2.03)
                Hugging or kissing 71 (65%) 143 (74%) 0.61 (0.36 -1.03)
                Sharing the same toilet 29 (27%) 40 (21%) 1.32 (0.75 -2.31)
                Having sexual intercourse 15 (14%) 20 (10%) 1.52 (0.74 -3.13)
        TB is caused by*       
                An infectious organism 56 (55%) 126 (68%) 0.65 (0.39 -1.08)
                Living in an unhygienic environment 85 (83%) 139 (75%) 1.71 (0.91 -3.21)
                Inheriting the disease from your parents 33 (32%) 48 (26%) 1.44 (0.84 -2.46)
                A form of ‘exhausted TB’ which is not transmissible 64.0 (63%) 93 (50%) 1.69 (1.02 -2.78)
        The following people have a higher risk of developing TB*       
                Tobacco and bong smokers 100 (98%) 180 (97%) 1.47 (0.29 -7.45)
                Children 79 (77%) 141 (76%) 0.99 (0.55 -1.77)
                Pregnant women 72 (71%) 138 (74%) 0.8 (0.46 -1.38)
                People with weakened immune systems such as diabetes 84 (82%) 154 (83%) 0.9 (0.47 -1.71)
                People with poor nutrition 91 (89%) 170 (91%) 0.77 (0.34 -1.74)
        Treatment and cure of TB*       
        TB can be completely cured if a person takes treatment 102 (100%) 183 (98%) na  
                Traditional medicine can cure TB 12 (12%) 12 (6%) 2.07 (0.89 -4.84)
                Western medicine can cure TB 101 (99%) 180 (97%) 4.43 (0.51 -38.82)
                TB can severely affect your health 91.0 (89%) 173 (93%) 0.83 (0.34 -2.04)
  1. ORadj – Adjusted odds ratio. CI – Confidence interval. n – number of responses. Adj = adjusted for region and prior TB status. *102 case subjects and 194 control subjects responded.