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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of chronically HIV-1-infected patients and HIV seronegative healthy individuals

From: MicroRNA-29 family expression and its relation to antiviral immune response and viro-immunological markers in HIV-1-infected patients

Item Healthy individuals (n = 21) (A) Naïve HIV-1-infected patients (n = 58) (B) Treated HIV-1-infected patients (n = 5) (C) AvsB AvsC
pvalues pvalues
Males, n (%) 13 (61.90) 43 (74.13) 4 (80) 0.549 0.809
Mean age ± SD (years) 42.38 ± 11.33 39.43 ± 11.84 44.25 ± 21.51 0.326 0.784
Virus subtype NA B B NA** NA
HIV RNA (copies/ml)* NA 34925 (143–1,405,000) 1446 (80–123,200) NA NA
CD4+ count (cells/mm3)* NA 524 (22–1,200) 400 (350–895) NA NA
Time post infection (months)* NA 12 (1–168) 84 (12–168) NA NA
Duration of HAART (years)* NA NA 6.5 (1–13) NA NA
  1. *Data are expressed as median (range).
  2. Differences in demographic characteristics between HIV-1-infected patients and HIV seronegative healthy individuals were evaluated using Student's t and Chi-squared tests.
  3. **NA = not applicable.