Skip to main content

Table 1 Lag times of Bihari and Nepali VL patients before receiving treatment

From: Visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis and reporting delays as an obstacle to timely response actions in Nepal and India

  Time from feeling sick to seeking health care (TP)
  Total Bihar Nepal Male Female First episode Recurrent episode
N 95 49 46 60 35 87 8
Mean (days) 18,62 7,59 30,37 17,95 19,77 19,23 12,75
95% Confidence Int. 12.2-25.1 3.8-11.9 18.4-42.4 10.5-25.4 7.3-32.3 12.0-26.5 4.7-20.8
Std. Error (SEM) 3.25 1.89 5.97 3.73 6.15 3.66 3.34
Std. Deviation (SD) 31,68 13,18 40,46 28,91 36,36 33,31 9,60
Kolmogorov-Smirnov p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p = 0.20
Mann-Whitney U-Test   p < 0.001 p = 0.626 p = 0,677
Median (days) 8 5 15 7,5 10 8 12
Interquartile range 11 7 23 11 26 11 16
Full range 209 89 207 149 209 209 27
  Time from seeking health care to receiving the VL diagnosis (T D )
  Total Bihar Nepal Male Female First episode Recurrent episode
N 95 49 46 60 35 87 8
Mean (days) 58,76 90,33 25,13 47,13 78,69 57,30 57,63
95% Confidence Int. 44.4-73.1 68.1-112.6 12.7-37.6 32.4-61.8 48.9-108.5 41.7-72.9 6-4-108.8
Std. Error (SEM) 7.24 11.08 6.17 7.35 14.65 7.83 21.65
Std. Deviation (SD) 70,59 77,57 41,84 56,92 86,66 71,36 61,23
Kolmogorov-Smirnov p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p = 0.02 p < 0.01 p = 0.05
Mann-Whitney U-Test   p < 0.001 p = 0.094 p = 0.968
Median (days) 32 67 9 30 34 30 42
Interquartile range 71 92 24 57 105 66 101
Full range 364 363 194 247 364 364 161
  Time from diagnosis to receiving treatment (T T )
  Total Bihar Nepal Male Female First episode Recurrent episode
N 91 48 43 58 33 83 8
Mean (days) 4,63 6,17 2,91 4,97 4,03 4,81 2,75
95% Confidence Int. 2.7-6.5 3.0-9.3 1.0-4.8 2.2-7.8 2.1-5.9 2.8-6.9 0.2-5.3
Std. Error (SEM) 0.95 1.56 0.95 1.40 0.93 1.03 1.07
Std. Deviation (SD) 9,05 10,80 6,24 10,62 5,34 9,42 3,01
Kolmogorov-Smirnov p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01
Mann-Whitney U-Test   p < 0.001 p = 0.714 p = 0.868
Median (days) 5 2 1 1 1 1 1,5
Interquartile range 4 7 3 4 6 4 5
Full range 55 54 37 55 23 55 8
  1. Time from feeling sick to seeking health care (TP), time from seeking health care to receiving the VL diagnosis (TD) and time from diagnosis to receiving treatment (TT). Data is given as total as well as stratified by nationality, sex and VL history.