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Table 1 Intervention domains and sample text messages

From: A text messaging intervention to improve retention in care and virologic suppression in a U.S. urban safety-net HIV clinic: study protocol for the Connect4Care (C4C) randomized controlled trial

Domain Sample text message
Improving a sense of social support Stay strong. The clinic cares about you.
Ameliorating negative affect Everyone feels sad sometimes. Remember you can talk to your provider about depression.
Bolstering positive affect and coping Smile, breathe, and go slowly.
Fostering empowerment Be active in your health care. Keep your scheduled appointments.
Supporting healthy behaviors and health maintenance Invest in your health. Remember to get your Pap smear.
Emphasizing the value of antiretroviral adherence and persistence Taking meds? They help, even if you can’t tell they are working.