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Table 1 A four- year distribution of salmonellae recovered from blood cultures submitted to microbiology laboratory of Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

From: Salmonella blood stream infections in a tertiary care setting in Ghana

Isolates Number of Salmonella species a (%)
Total (n = 181) Crx-res. 2010 2011 2012 2013 P-value b
Total (n = 37) Crx res. Total (n = 53) Crx res. Total (n = 63) Crx res. Total (n = 28) Crx res.  
Typhoidal Salmonella 66 (36.5)a 11 (16.7)a 14 (37.8) 4 (28.5) 12 (22.4) 4 (30.7) 27 (44.8) 2 (7.4) 13 (22.4) 1 (7.6) 0.1322
S. Typhi 48 (26.54) 7 (14.5) 8 (21.6) 2 (25.0) 7 (14.8) 2 (25.0) 25 (61.9) 2 (3.3) 8 (28.5) 1 (12.5) 0.8056
S. Paratyphi A 12 (6.6) 4 (33.3) 3 (8.1) 2 (66.6) 3 (5.5) 2 (66.7) 1 (1.6) 0 5 (17.8) 0 0.0441
S. Paratyphi B 6 (3.3) 0 3 (8.1) 0 2 (3.7) 0 1 (1.6) 0 0 0 0.1988
Non-typhoidal Salmonella 115 (63.5)b 21 (18.2)a 23 (62.1) 5 (21.7) 41 (77.3) 11 (23.4) 36 (57.1) 4 (11.1) 15 (53.5) 1 (6.7) 0.1322
S. Enteritidis 93 (51.2) 18 (19.3) 16 (25.2) 4 (25.0) 33 (61.1) 9 (27.2) 29 (46.0) 4 (13.8) 15 (53.5) 1 (6.7) 0.129c 2010*2013, P = 0.018; 2011*2013, P = 0.019
S. Typhumurium 22 (12.2) 3 (13.6) 7 (18.9) 1 (14.2) 8 (14.0) 2 (25.0) 7 (6.1) 0 0 0 -
  1. aCrx res, cefuroxime resistant; bP-value determined with Marascuilo’s comparisons post hoc tests for multiple proportions; c P, P-value for significant pairwise comparisons between study years;
  2. *Differing subscripts within a column indicate significant difference at P-value < 0.05; SpearmansRanked Correlation between prevalence of Salmonella isolates and study years, rs(2) = +0.4; P-value = 0.617.