Skip to main content

Table 4 Characteristics and outcomes of adult patients hospitalized with acute respiratory symptoms and diagnosed with RSV as reported in published studies

From: Respiratory syncytial virus infection-associated hospitalization in adults: a retrospective cohort study

Study This study (all adults) Lee 2013 (all adults) Widmer, 2012 (50+ yrs) Falsey, 2005 (65+ yrs) Dowell, 1996 (all adults) Falsey, 1995 (65+ yrs) Vikerfors, 1987 (all adults)
Age Median 74 yrs IQR 62-85 Median 80 yrs IQR 68-86 Median 68 yrs IQR 56-78 Mean 76 yrs SD 13 Mean 61 yrs range 21-89 Mean 80 yrs SD 8 Median 75 yrs
Underlying illness        
  Any 97% 87% - - - - 56%
  Lung disease 36% 36% 68% 54% >65%* 43% 14%
  Cardiac disease 52% - 48% 58% >49%* 63% -
  Immunosuppressed 31% 14% 61%   - - -
Complications        
  LRT complication 52% 72% - - - 63%‡ -
  Pneumonia† 30% 42% - 31% 40% 48% -
  Cardiovascular 22% 14% - 13% (CHF) - 20% (CHF)‡ -
Co-pathogen identified 13% 13% 0 15% sputum 14% 17% sputum 25%
3% blood   4% blood
Hospital course        
  Required ICU 15% - 10% 15% 21% 18% -
  Required MV 9% 2% 3% 13% 7% 10% -
  Length of stay Median 6d Median 7d Median 3d Mean 14d Mean 9d Mean 16d -
Case fatality rate 6% (in hospital) 9% (30d) 7% (in hospital) 8% (not specified) - 10% (in hospital) 0
  1. *65% of patients had COPD, 44% had asthma; 49% had coronary artery disease; 37% congestive heart failure.
  2. †Confirmed by CXR, or pulmonary infiltrates present on CXR.
  3. ‡Derived from principal discharge diagnoses.
  4. Abbreviations: LRT = lower respiratory tract, ICU = intensive care unit, MV = mechanical ventilation.