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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, signs and symptoms 1 of 86 patients hospitalized with RSV infection, 2012/13 winter season

From: Respiratory syncytial virus infection-associated hospitalization in adults: a retrospective cohort study

Baseline characteristic Number (%)
Age, median (range) 74 years (range 19–102)
Female gender 48 (56%)
Institutionally-acquired2 14 (16%)
Underlying illness (any) 83 (97%)
  Lung disease 31 (36%)
  Cardiac disease 45 (52%)
  Immunosuppression3 27 (31%)
  Diabetes mellitus 27 (31%)
Known smoker 10 (12%)
Presenting symptoms/signs  
  Cough 73 (85%)
  Dyspnea 68 (79%)
  Sputum production 54 (63%)
  Weakness 43 (50%)
  Fever (T > 38.0°C) in emergency department 41 (48%)
  Wheezing 33 (38%)
  Lethargy/malaise 27 (31%)
  Runny nose or nasal congestion 19 (22%)
  1. 1Symptoms present in > 20% of patients are shown in table; less common symptoms included: sore throat in 16 (19%), altered LOC 16 (19%), chest pain 15 (17%), nausea 15 (17%), vomiting 14 (16%), loss of appetite 14 (16%), diarrhea 11 (13%), dizziness 11 (13%). Abdominal pain, headache, arthalgias and myalgias were reported in < 10% of patients.
  2. 2Institutions included nursing homes (8), retirement homes (3), rehabilitation or convalescent care facilities (2), and mental health hospitals (1).
  3. 3Immunosuppressed patients included those with hematologic malignancy, solid tumor on chemotherapy at time of RSV diagnosis, organ transplant, vasculitis, lupus, inflammatory bowel disease, or pulmonary fibrosis on immunosuppressive medications at time of RSV diagnosis.