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Table 2 Specimens’ characteristics and laboratory results by gender and study

From: Male Gender is independently associated with pulmonary tuberculosis among sputum and non-sputum producers people with presumptive tuberculosis in Southwestern Uganda

Colorimetric study (sputum producers) Total n (%) Male n (%) Female n (%) p
Sputum volume (n = 689) More than 1 ml 672 (97.5) 331 (97.6) 341 (97.4) 0.858
Sputum Quality (n = 681) Purulent-mucopurulent 223 (32.7) 117 (35.2) 106 (30.4) 0.176
Microscopy (N = 664) Positive 106 (16.0) 69 (21.2) 37 (10.9) <0.001
TB Culture (N = 618) Positive 147 (23.8) 90 (29.3) 57 (18.3) 0.001
Xray (N = 605) suggestive 347 (57.4) 208 (68.4) 139 (46.2) < 0.001
String test and sputum induction study (non sputum producers) Total n (%) Male n (%) Female n (%) p
Microscopy (N = 198) Positive 26 (13.1) 15 (15.8) 11 (10.7) 0.288
TB Culture (N = 198) Positive 51 (25.7) 32 (33.7) 19 (18.5) 0.014
Xray (N = 174) suggestive 86 (49.4) 50 (59.5) 36 (40.0) 0.010
Both studies Total n (%) Male n (%) Female n (%) p
Microscopy (N = 862) Positive 132 (15.3) 84 (20.0) 48 (10.9) < 0.001
TB Culture (N = 816) Positive 198 (24.3) 122 (30.3) 76 (18.4) < 0.001
Xray (N = 779) suggestive 433 (55.6) 258 (66.5) 175 (44.8) < 0.001