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Table 1 Description of sites in multicenter case–control study of pneumonia etiology in children

From: Multicenter case–control study protocol of pneumonia etiology in children: Global Approach to Biological Research, Infectious diseases and Epidemics in Low-income countries (GABRIEL network)

Study site characteristics Country characteristics Introduction into national immunization program a
Hospital Country Town Related research center Population type Climate Country population, millions (year) a Population living in poverty, % (year) a Child mortality rate (‰) b Annual pneumonia cases c Deaths caused by pneumonia annually c PCV d Hib evaccine
General Bonsucesso Hospital Brazil Rio de Janeiro Fundaçao Oswaldo Cruz Urban Rain/Dry 199 (2009) 6.1 (2009) 16 1,497,706 3,079 2010 1999
National Pediatric Hospital Cambodia Phnom Penh Phnom Pehn Faculty of Pharmacy and University of Health Sciences Urban Rain/Dry 14.9 (2012) 18.6 (2009) 43 373,583 2,101 Not introduced 2010
Beijing Children’s Hospital China Beijing Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Urban Four seasons 1,351 (2012) 11.8 (2009) 15 6,488,544 43,089 Not introduced Not introduced
Tent City Hospitalf Haïti Port au Prince GHESKIO Centers Urban/rural Rain/Dry 10.2 (2012) 61.7 (2001) 70 345,081 4,090 Not introduced 2012
KEM Hospital Research Center Shirdi Sai Baba Rural Hospital India Pune/Vadu KEM Hospital Research Center Sai Baba Rural Hospital Urban/rural Three seasons 1,236.7 (2012) 32.7 (2010) 61 35,361,230 388,144 Not introduced 2011
Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University Hospital India Lucknow Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University Urban/rural Rain/Dry 1,236.7 (2012) 32.7 (2010) 61 35,361,230 388,144 Not introduced 2011
Hôpital Femme-Mere-Enfant Madagascar Antananarivo Centre Charles Mérieux Urban Rain/Dry 22.3 (2012) 81.3 (2010) 62 1,051,407 2,638 2011 2008
Gabriel Toure Hospital Mali Bamako Centre Charles Mérieux Urban/rural Rain/Dry 14.9 (2012) 50.4 (2010) 176 932,894 7,893 2008 2011
Bayanzurkh District General Hospital Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolian Academy of Medical Sciences Urban Four seasons 2.8 (2012) 27.4 (2012) 31 60,292 332 Not introduced 2008
Pediatric General Hospital, Niños de Acosta Ñu Paraguay San Lorenzo Research Institute of Health Urban/rural Rain/Dry 6.7 (2009) 7.2 (2012) 22 139,661 368 2012 2002
  1. aInternational Vaccine Access Center (IVAC), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Vaccine Information Management System (VIMS) Global Vaccine Introduction Report, October 2013. www.jhsph.edu/ivac/vims.html.
  2. bWorld Bank Group: http://povertydata.worldbank.org.
  3. cData from Rudan I, O’Brien KL, Nair H, et al. Epidemiology and etiology of childhood pneumonia in 2010: estimates of incidence, severe morbidity, mortality, underlying risk factors and causative pathogens for 192 countries. J Glob Health 2013;3:010401.
  4. dPneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
  5. e Haemophilus influenzae type B.
  6. fThe hospital is settled in a tent city community.