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Table 3 Bivariate analysis for each outcome MOS-HIV physical health, MOS-HIV mental health, and POS N = 1336

From: Quality of life and wellbeing among HIV outpatients in East Africa: a multicentre observational study

  Mental health score Physical health score Total patient POS score
Mean (95% CIs) Test result Mean (95% CIs) Test result Mean (95% CIs) Test result
Gender Male 46.6 (45.7-47.5) t = 0.94, p = 0.347 44.1 (42.9-45.2) t = -1.64, p = 0.101 21.0 (20.5-21.6) F = 1.15, p = 0.284
Female 46.1 (45.4-46.7) 45.2 (44.5-46.0) 20.7 (20.4-21.0)
Age group 18-29 46.3 (45.2-47.3) F = 1.11, p = 0.348 45.9 (44.7-47.1) F = 2.64, p = 0.032 20.7 (20.2-21.2) F = 1.71, p = 0.146
30-39 45.9 (45.1-46.7) 45.1 (44.2-46.1) 20.5 (20.1-20.9)
40-49 46.4 (45.3-47.5) 43.3 (41.8-44.7) 21.3 (20.7-21.9)
50-59 48.2 (46.4-50.1) 43.7 (41.1-46.2) 21.6 (20.6-22.5)
60-70 44.5 (40.3-48.7) 42.0 (39.1-44.9) 22.1 (19.0-25.2)
Wealth quintile Poorest 43.1 (42.1-44.2) F = 14.41, p < 0.001 40.2 (38.8041.5) F = 25.26, p < 0.001 20.8 (20.1-21.4) F = 2.48, p = 0.042
Middle poor 45.3 (44.1-46.6) 42.9 (41.5-44.4) 20.4 (19.8-21.0)
Middle 46.4 (45.2-47.5) 45.2 (43.8-46.5) 20.6 (19.9-21.2)
Middle wealthy 47.7 (46.6-48.8) 47.6 (46.3-48.8) 20.6 (20.0-21.2)
Wealthiest 48.8 (47.6-50.0) 48.7 (47.3-50.1) 21.7 (21.1-22.3)
Education None 43.6 (41.6-45.5) F = 4.65, p = 0.003 41.0 (38.5-43.5) F = 5.65, p < 0.001 19.6 (18.5-20.7) F = 5.31, p = 0.001
Began primary 46.1 (45.4-46.9) 44.4 (43.5-45.2) 20.7 (20.3-21.0)
Began secondary 46.3 (45.4-47.2) 45.9 (44.9-46.9) 20.9 (20.4-21.4)
Diploma+ 48.7 (47.1-50.3) 46.7 (44.2-49.1) 22.4 (21.4-23.3)
ART Yes 46.4 (45.7-47.2) t = -0.62, p = 0.536 44.0 (44.7-46.4) t = 2.34, p = 0.020 21.3 (20.9-21.8) F = 10.59, p = 0.001
No 46.1 (45.4-46.8) 45.5 (43.1-44.9) 20.4 (20.0-20.8)
Newly diagnosed Yes 46.4 (45.5-47.3) t = -0.46, p = 0.648 46.3 (45.1-47.4) t = -3.09, p = 0.002 20.8 (20.4-21.3) F = 0.01, p = 0.936
No 46.2 (45.5-46.8) 44.2 (43.4-44.9) 20.8 (20.5-21.1)
Has a carer Yes 43.5 (42.4-44.7) t = 4.82, p < 0.001 39.9 (38.3-41.4) t = 7.48, p < 0.001 21.2 (20.5-21.8) F = 1.50, p = 0.220
No 46.8 (46.3-47.4) 46.0 (45.3-46.6) 20.7 (20.4-21.0)
Functional status 0 49.0 (48.4-49.7) F = 72.73, p < 0.001 49.7 (49.0-50.4) F = 197.63, p < 0.001 21.8 (21.5-22.2) F = 32.01, p < 0.001
1 43.1 (42.2-43.9) 39.8 (38.8-40.8) 19.6 (19.1-20.1)
2 39.4 (38.0-40.9) 31.7 (30.0-33.5) 18.1 (17.1-19.1)
3/4 35.7 (33.2-38.2) 24.3 (20.9-27.7) 17.7 (15.7-19.7)
Has a CD4 test result on file Yes 46.9 (46.3-47.4) t = -4.16, p < 0.001 45.1 (44.4-45.8) t = -1.41, p = 0.159 21.0 (20.7-21.3) F = 7.10, p = 0.008
No 44.3 (43.2-45.4) 44.1 (42.7-45.4) 20.1 (19.6-20.7)
CD4 count 0-100 49.0 (48.2-49.9) F = 8.33, p < 0.001 44.5 (43.3-45.6) F = 25.41, p < 0.001 20.7 (19.9-21.5) F = 0.38, p = 0.769
101-200 50.4 (49.8-51.1) 47.6 (46.8-48.4) 21.2 (20.4-21.9)
201-350 51.4 (50.8-51.9) 49.8 (49.2-50.4) 21.2 (20.6-21.8)
351-max 51.3 (50.9-51.8) 50.5 (50.0-51.0) 21.0 (20.5-21.5)
Pain Low 50.1 (49.4-50.8) F = 99.40, p < 0.001 51.3 (50.5-52.1) F = 217.20, p < 0.001   
Moderate 44.2 (43.5-44.9) 41.4 (40.5-42.2)
Severe 39.8 (38.0-41.6) 34.4 (32.6-36.3)
Symptoms Low 48.8 (48.2-49.5) F = 78.98, p < 0.001 49.2 (48.4-49.9) F = 165.51, p < 0.001   
Moderate 43.2 (42.4-43.9) 39.7 (38.8-40.7)
Severe 38.6 (36.0-41.2) 32.3 (29.5-35.1)
Worry Low 49.9 (49.2-50.5) F = 136.9, p < 0.0016 47.9 (47.1-48.6) F = 54.81, p < 0.001   
Moderate 43.5 (42.7-44.3) 42.4 (41.3-43.5)
Severe 39.1 (37.6-40.7) 39.6 (37.9-41.3)
Sharing feelings Low 45.4 (44.4-46.4) F = 6.10, p = 0.002 41.9 (40.7-43.2) F = 41.51, p < 0.001   
Moderate 45.5 (44.6-46.4) 42.8 (41.6-43.9)
Severe 47.3 (46.5-48.1) 48.1 (47.2-48.9)
Finds life worthwhile Low 48.1 (47.5-48.8) F = 49.89, p < 0.001 46.0 (45.2-46.8) F = 12.06, p < 0.001   
Moderate 42.3 (41.3-43.2) 42.3 (41.1-43.5)
Severe 44.6 (43.0-46.2) 44.3 (42.4-46.1)
Peace Low 51.0 (50.3-51.7) F = 169.79, p < 0.001 48.1 (47.2-49.0) F = 49.65, p < 0.001   
Moderate 43.9 (43.1-44.7) 43.6 (42.5-44.6)
Severe 40.3 (39.2-41.4) 40.3 (38.9-41.7)
Help and advice Low 48.6 (47.5-49.7) F = 10.27, p < 0.001 45.3 (43.9-46.7) F = 5.30, p = 0.005   
Moderate 45.8 (44.8-46.7) 43.2 (42.0-44.4)
Severe 45.6 (44.8-46.3) 45.6 (44.7-46.4)
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