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Table 5 Factors associated with viral acute diarrhea (cases) in 91 pairs of adult patients consulting a GP

From: Acute diarrhea in adults consulting a general practitioner in France during winter: incidence, clinical characteristics, management and risk factors

  Cases (N = 91) (%) Controls (N = 91) (%) OR uni [95% CI] (p-value)* OR multi [95% CI] (p-value)*
Professional status (employed or student/non employed or retired) 80 (87.9%) 67 (73.6%) 4.25 [1.43 – 12.63] (0.01) 4.10 [1.27 – 13.21] (0.02)
Educational level (high school and above/middle school) 80 (87.9%) 69 (75.8%) 2.83 [1.12 – 7.19] (0.03) 2.37 [0.86 – 6.57] (0.10)
Children ≤2 years in household (yes/no) 20 (22.0%) 9 (9.9%) 2.57 [1.07 – 6.16] (0.03) 1.87 [0.69 – 5.09] (0.22)
Being in contact with pets or farm animals (yes/no) 45 (49.5%) 48 (52.8%) 0.80 [0.48 – 1.58] (0.65) n.i.
Washing hands before cooking (never-sometimes/often-always) 10 (11.6%) 13 (16.1%) 0.58 [0.23 – 1.48] (0.26) n.i.
Washing hands after using the toilet (never-sometimes/often-always) 7 (7.7%) 8 (8.8%) 0.86 [0.29 – 2.55] (0.78) n.i.
Washing hands after attending public places (never-sometimes/often-always) 45 (52.3%) 35 (40.7%) 1.50 [0.76 – 2.95] (0.24) n.i.
Suffering from a chronic disease (yes/no) 28 (30.8%) 29 (31.9%) 0.94 [0.48 – 1.86] (0.86) n.i.
Contact with persons with AD in the household (yes/no) 31 (34.1%) 10 (11.0%) 5.20 [2.00 – 13.50] (0.01) 4.18 [1.54 – 11.33] (<0.01)
Contact with persons with AD outside household (yes/no) 22 (24.2%) 9 (9.9%) 3.60 [1.34 – 9.70] (0.01) 3.31 [1.03 – 10.63] (0.04)
Having eaten an unusual meal (yes/no) 33 (36.3%) 28 (30.8%) 1.39 [0.68 – 2.83] (0.37) n.i.
Having consumed oysters, mussels, or shellfish (yes/no) 27 (29.7%) 29 (31.9%) 0.90 [0.48 – 1.70] (0.75) n.i.
Having consumed tap water (yes/no) 69 (75.8%) 73 (80.2) 0.76 [0.37 – 1.58] (0.47) n.i.
Having used public transportation (yes/no) 20 (22.0%) 14 (15.4%) 2.00 [0.75 – 5.33] (0.17) 2.57 [0.71 – 9.39] (0.15)
Going to a public swimming pool (yes/no) 4 (4.4%) 5 (5.5%) 0.80 [0.22 – 2.98] (0.74) n.i.
  1. *Conditional logistic regression: matched for age and sex.
  2. OR: odds-ratio; Uni: univariate; Multi: multivariate; CI: confidence interval; n.i: not included in the multivariate model.