Skip to main content

Table 2 Results of the univariate and multivariate analysis of the characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) patients associated with death during anti-TB treatment, Shanghai, 2000–2004

From: Deaths among tuberculosis cases in Shanghai, China: who is at risk?

Characteristics Survived Died OR (95% CI) P value AOR (95% CI) P value
  No. (%) No. (%)       
Age (years)           
   11–29 1034 (13.9) 2 (0.5) 1.0    1.0   
   30–44 1624 (21.8) 19 (4.3) 6.0 (1.5–53.6) 0.006 5.0 (1.2–21.7) 0.031
   45–59 1924 (25.9) 42 (9.5) 11.3 (2.9–96.4) <0.001 8.2 (2.0–34.3) 0.004
   60–74 1883 (25.3) 174 (39.5) 47.8 (13.0–398.1) <0.001 35.4 (8.7–143.6) <0.001
   ≥ 75 968 (13.0) 203 (46.1) 108.4 (29.5–902.7) <0.001 82.3 (20.3–333.2) <0.001
Sex           
   Female 1681 22.6 55 12.5 1.0    1.0   
   Male 5752 77.4 385 87.5 2.0 (1.5–2.8) <0.001 1.7 (1.2–2.3) 0.001
Case type           
   New case 6056 81.5 327 74.3 1.0    -   
   Retreatment case 1377 18.5 113 25.7 1.5 (1.2–1.9) <0.001 -   
Cavity on initial chest radiograph
   Absent 4943 66.5 315 71.6 1.0    -   
   Present 2266 30.5 110 25.0 0.8 (0.6–0.9) 0.016 -   
   Uncertain 224 3.0 15 3.4 -    -   
Sputum Smear           
   Negative 1461 18.6 1416 19.0 1.0    1.0   
   Positive 6334 80.4 5945 80.0 2.1 (1.5–2.9) <0.001 1.6 (1.2–2.2) 0.004
   Unknown 78 1.0 72 1.0 -    -   
Comorbidity           
   Absent 5938 79.9 293 66.6 1.0    1.0   
   Present 1466 19.7 142 32.3 2.0 (1.6–2.4) <0.001 1.4 (1.1–1.7) 0.004
   Unknown 29 0.4 5 1.1 -    -   
Drug susceptibility results
   Non-MDR 4487 60.4 227 51.6 1.0    -   
   MDR 241 3.2 15 3.4 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.450 -   
   Unknown 2705 36.4 198 45.0 1.4 (1.2–1.8) <0.001 -   
  1. TB = tuberculosis; OR = odds ratio; AOR = adjusted odds ratio; CI = confidence interval; MDR = multidrug resistance