Basic structure of the health system compartmental model, and corresponding parameters as quantified through expert consultation. Boxes represent compartments, i.e. stages of the care seeking process. Arrows represent the flow (transition) of individuals between compartments. These individuals are TB suspects/respiratory symptomatics, who are defined as patients with pulmonary TB symptoms serious enough to trigger them to seek health care. TB diagnosis and treatment is not available in the alternative health sector. In DOTS services, the first laboratory examination (DOTS lab1) is smear microscopy and the second examination (DOTS lab2) is chest X ray, while in Non-DOTS services the situation is vice versa. Parameters are durations and proportions. Durations are defined as the average full duration of being in a certain compartment, thus not including dropout. Proportions concern fractions of TB patients moving into the next compartments. Main outcomes of the model are TB death, cure, and spontaneous recovery. A; B; C are the intervention strategies simulated in this model (see text and Table 3). * Negative test result; ** drop out during diagnostic process. The dotted arrow represents a direct flow from Alternative to DOTS services.