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Table 2 Responses to the questions about STI knowledge among 1805 women aged 15–49 years in North rural Vietnam

From: Lack of knowledge about sexually transmitted infections among women in North rural Vietnam

Characteristics of abnormal vaginal discharge     
Correctly identifying Unmarried
% (n = 445)
Married
% (n = 1360)
Total
% (N = 1805)
P valuea
   Greater amount than usual 12.1 28.9 24.8 0.000
   Odour 14.4 42.4 35.5 0.000
   Changes of colour (yellow-green/powdery/foamy/blood-stained) 4.7 24.0 19.2 0.000
Suspected symptoms     
   Abnormal vaginal discharge (in women) 1.8 12.0 9.5 0.000
   Urethral discharge (in men) 0.2 1.6 1.3 0.023
   Genital ulcers/genital warts 2.9 9.3 7.8 0.000
   Lower abdominal pain (not related to menses) 0.2 4.7 3.6 0.000
   Genital itching 4.5 19.8 16.0 0.000
   Dyspareunia/dysuria 0.2 5.7 4.3 0.000
Possible "causes" of STI     
   Microorganisms (bacteria/virus) 2.2 5.8 4.9 0.003
   Being unfaithful/unsafe sex 31.7 43.4 40.5 0.000
   Unsafe blood transfusion/intravenous drug use 11.2 14.8 13.9 0.061
STI can be transmitted 62.0 81.2 76.5 0.000
Routes of transmission     
   Sexual intercourse 56.9 78.7 73.3 0.000
   Blood transfusion 14.2 11.8 12.3 0.181
   Sharing needle 10.1 7.3 8.0 0.055
   Mother to child 8.1 5.7 6.3 0.076
Necessity of partner examination/treatment 33.3 63.3 55.9 0.000
Complications of STI if untreated     
   Infertility 14.6 20.2 18.8 0.008
   Cervical cancer/ectopic pregnancy 6.1 25.9 21.0 0.000
   Adverse pregnancy outcome 3.8 10.3 8.7 0.000
STI can be prevented 44.9 71.3 64.8 0.000
Ways of STI prevention     
   Being faithful 28.5 33.2 32.1 0.067
   Using condom 14.4 35.9 30.6 0.000
   Avoid injecting illicit drugs 7.2 3.6 4.5 0.001
  1. a Chi – square statistic compares married and unmarried groups