Skip to main content

Table 3 Selected determinants of HPV infection in pregnant women recruited in the prospective cohort study.

From: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in pregnant women and mother-to-child transmission of genital HPV genotypes: a prospective study in Spain

  HPV
Positive/tested
(n = 66/143)
HPV-positive
(%)
OR (95% CI)
Age     
≤ 20 3/4 75.0 1.0 Reference
21–25 10/18 55.6 0.42 (0.04–4.82)
26–30 17/45 37.8 0.20 (0.02–2.11)
31–35 21/52 40.4 0.23 (0.02–2.32)
≥ 36 15/24 62.5 0.56 (0.05–6.19)
Chi-square p-value 0.16    
Marital Status     
Married 41/99 41.4 1.0 Reference
Cohabiting 20/37 54.1 1.78 (0.81–3.90)
Single 1/2 50.0 1.62 (0.10–27.30)
Separated 4/5 80.0 4.09 (0.42–40.26)
Chi-square p-value 0.25    
Age at first intercourse     
≤ 17 27/42 64.3 1.0 Reference
18–19 yrs 15/35 42.9 0.38 (0.15–1.00)
≥ 20 yrs 13/37 35.1 0.29 (0.11–0.76)
Unknown 11/29    
Chi-square p-value 0.03    
No. of sexual partners before 20 years of age     
0 5/24 20.8 1.0 Reference
1 29/58 50.0 3.45 (1.12–10.67)
≥ 2 21/32 65.6 7.23 (2.05–25.50)
Unknown 11/29    
Chi-square p-value 0.004    
Lifetime no. of sexual partners     
1 17/44 38.6 1.0 Reference
2–4 17/39 43.6 1.22 (0.50–2.95)
≥ 5 21/31 67.7 3.17 (1.19–8.41)
Unknown 11/29    
Chi-square p-value 0.04    
Previous history of genital warts     
No 28/70 40.0 1.0 Reference
Yes 23/39 59.0 2.15 (0.96–4.82)
Unknown 15/34    
Chi-square p-value 0.06    
Previous history of STD     
No 37/92 40.2 1.0 Reference
Yes 14/17 82.4 6.82 (1.82–25.62)
Unknown 15/34    
Chi-square p-value 0.001    
Cytology results     
Normal 49/120 40.8 1.0 Reference
ASCUS 1/1 100 1.0  
≥ LSIL 12/17 70.6 3.15 (1.03–9.61)
Unknown 4/5    
Chi-square p-value 0.02    
  1. Models adjusted by age (≤ 28, 29–33, ≥ 34 years)