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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and outcome of the included patients.

From: Serum procalcitonin for the early recognition of nosocomial infection in the critically ill patients: a preliminary report

Mean (SD) or number (%) Nosocomial infection
n = 47
Unproven nosocomial infection
n = 23
p
Age (year-old) 65.4 (16.2) 58.8 (16.1) 0.113
Female/Male 10 (21.3)/37 (78.7) 11 (47.8)/12 (52.2) 0.046
SAPS II 48.7 (14.6) 50.9 (16.1) 0.570
Underlying condition    
Cardiovascular disease 16 (34.0) 7 (30.4) 0.975
Respiratory disease 12 (25.5) 9 (39.1) 0.374
Cirrhosis 5 (10.6) 1 (4.3) 0.668
Diabete mellitus 7 (14.9) 2 (8.7) 0.728
Malignancy 2 (4.2) 4 (17.4) 0.165
Chronic renal failure 4 (8.5) 0 (0.0) 0.372
Admission diagnosis    
Sepsis 17 (36.2) 10 (43.5) 0.742
Respiratory distress 20 (42.5) 9 (39.1) 0.988
Shock 17 (36.2) 7 (30.4) 0.836
Neurological disorder 14 (29.8) 7 (30.4) 0.999
Acute renal failure 12 (25.5) 3 (13.1) 0.376
Post-operative 3 (6.4) 1 (4.3) 0.999
ICU length of stay (N. of days) 31.0 (16.2) 30.3 (15.6) 0.861
ICU mortality 42.5% 21.7% 0.150
  1. SAPS: Simplified Acute Physiologic Score; ICU: Intensive Care Unit.