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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, CD4 counts and haematology with respect to final diagnosis

From: Clinical and ultrasonographic features of abdominal tuberculosis in HIV positive adults in Zambia

  All patients
(n = 31)
Evidence of TB (n = 22) No evidence of TB (n = 9) P
Sex (M:F) 8:23 7:15 1:8 0.38
Age (mean, SD) 33.4 (8.3) 30.7 (6.9) 39.8 (8) 0.003
Achieved secondary education 11 of 28 known 8 of 20 known 3 of 8 known 0.91
Clinical features     
Abdominal tenderness 28 (90%) 19(86%) 9 (100%) 0.53
Generalized lymphadenopathy 12 (39% 9 (41%) 3 (33%) 1.00
Diarrhoea 11 (35%) 8 (36%) 3 (33%) 1.00
Night sweats 11 (35%) 8 (36%) 3 (33%) 1.00
Pallor 10 (32%) 5 (23%) 5 (55%) 0.10
Jaundice 6 (19%) 3 (14%) 3 (33%) 0.32
Haematological and immunological features     
CD4 count (mean, SD), cells/μl 125 (128) 92 (115) 194 (134) 0.04
CD4 count below 100 cells/μl 19 (61%) 19 (77%) 2 (22%) 0.02
Haemoglobin concentration (mean, SD) g/dl 9.0 (2.4) 9.8 (2.7) 8.5 (1.7) 0.19
Leucocytes (mean, SD) ×109/l 6.3 (5) 5.1 (2.2) 8.9 (8.1) 0.048
Lymphocytes (mean, SD) % 26.5 (22) 22.5 (16) 34.6 (31) 0.16
Neutrophils (mean, SD) % 66.3 (21) 72.0 (16) 52 (30) 0.02
Platelets (mean, SD) ×109/l 224 (123) 232 (129) 205 (112) 0.59
  1. P value refers to the difference between TB positive and negative using Fisher's exact test for proportions or t test for continuous variables. Significant differences were found for age, CD4 count and neutrophil count.