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Table 4 Association between socio-demographic and psychosocial factors and knowledge of HIV/AIDS.

From: What do young adults know about the HIV/AIDS epidemic? Findings from a population based study in Karachi, Pakistan

  Males (n = 605) Females (n = 655)
Socio-demographic All Poor knowledge Crude OR All Poor knowledge Crude OR
Factors N n % 95% CI N n % 95% CI
Age group (years)
19–21 382 42 (11.0%) 1 392 92 (23.5%) 1
17–18 223 47 (21.1%) 2.16 (1.37, 3.40) 263 91 (34.6%) 1.72 (1.22, 2.44)
Years of schooling
≥ 6 541 70 (12.9%) 1 541 144 (26.6%) 1
< 6 64 19 (29.7%) 2.84 (1.57, 5.14) 114 39 (34.2%) 1.43 (0.93, 2.21)
Enrolment (school/college)
Yes 364 51 (14.0%) 1 273 65 (23.8%) 1
No 241 38 (15.8%) 1.15 (0.73, 1.81) 382 118 (30.9%) 1.43 (1.01, 2.04)
Working status
Not working (including students) 468 64 (13.7) 1 602 168 (27.9) 1
Working 137 25 (18.2) 1.41 (0.85, 2.34) 53 15 (28.3) 1.02 (0.55, 1.90
Marital status
Ever married 3 0 (0.0) - 94 19 (20.2%) 1
Unmarried 602 89 (14.8) - 561 164 (29.2%) 1.63 (0.96, 2.78)
Residential status
Permanent 455 59 (13.0%) 1 418 126 (30.1%) 1
Migrant 150 30 (20.0%) 1.68 (1.03, 2.72) 237 57 (24.1%) 0.73 (0.51, 1.06)
Family type
Extended 35 6 (17.1%) 1 243 61 (25.1%) 1
Nuclear 570 83 (14.6%) 0.82 (0.33, 2.04) 412 122 (29.6%) 1.25 (0.88, 1.80)
Socio-economic status
High to middle 301 42 (14.0%) 1 294 65 (22.1%) 1
Low 304 47 (15.5%) 1.13 (0.72, 1.77) 361 118 (32.7%) 1.71 (1.20, 2.43)
Own TV
Yes 546 78 (14.3%) 1 610 170 (27.9%) 1
No 59 11 (18.6%) 1.38 (0.68, 2.76) 45 13 (28.9%) 1.05 (0.54, 2.05)
Own computer
Yes 183 17 (9.3%) 1 122 36 (29.5%) 1
No 422 72 (17.1%) 2.00 (1.15, 3.52) 533 147 (27.6%) 0.91 (0.59, 1.40)
  1. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals, n = 1,260.