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Table 1 Characteristics of HIV-infected children in the ART clinic in Macha, Zambia (2007 to 2008)

From: Barriers to the care of HIV-infected children in rural Zambia: a cross-sectional analysis

  Total
(n = 192)
Not on ART
(n = 138)
On ART
(n = 54)
Child    
   Median age in years (IQR) a 3.5 (1.9, 7.4) 3.3 (1.8, 6.7) 4.5 (2.7, 8.6)
   Male (%) a 91 (47) 55 (40) 36 (67)
Parents    
   Status (%)    
Both alive 121 (65) 94 (69) 27 (54)
Mother deceased 26 (14) 20 (15) 6 (12)
Father deceased 19 (10) 11 (8) 8 (16)
Both deceased 20 (11) 11 (8) 9 (18)
Primary Caregiver    
   Relationship to child (%)    
Mother/father 139 (74) 104 (76) 35 (70)
Grandparent 28 (15) 17 (12) 11 (22)
Aunt/uncle 14 (7) 11 (8) 3 (6)
Sibling 3 (2) 2 (1) 1 (2)
Other 3 (2) 3 (2) 0 (0)
   Median age (IQR) b 35.8 (30.3, 43.6) 35.5 (29.2, 43.6) 38.0 (33.3, 43.5)
   Education (%) b    
None 8 (5) 5 (4) 3 (7)
Primary 98 (56) 75 (58) 23 (52)
Secondary 64 (37) 46 (35) 18 (41)
Higher 4 (2) 4 (3) 0 (0)
   Household SES (%)    
≤25th percentile 131 (70) 97 (71) 34 (68)
26-50th percentile 48 (26) 33 (24) 15 (30)
51-75th percentile 7 (4) 6 (4) 1 (2)
76-100th percentile 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 (0)
Travel to ART clinic    
Median distance in km
IQR)
28 (18-45) 28 (17-45) 30 (18-42)
  1. ART = antiretroviral therapy; IQR = interquartile range; SES = socioeconomic status
  2. ap < 0.05 for difference between HIV-infected children on ART and not yet on ART
  3. bexcluding respondents who are not the child's primary caregiver (n = 13)