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Table 4 Positivity of LAM-ELISA in at least one out of two urine samples

From: Low sensitivity of a urine LAM-ELISA in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis

Classification Total
LAM +ve
HIV -ve
LAM +ve
HIV +ve
LAM +ve
A (smear+ve/culture+ve, M. tuberculosis ) 27/48 (56.3%) 4/17 (23.5%) 23/31 (74.2%)
B (smear-ve/culture+ve, M. tuberculosis ) 8/21 (38.1%) 0/2 (0.0%) 8/19 (42.1%)
B NTM
(smear-ve/culture+ve, non-tuberculous mycobacteria)
4/45 (8.9%) 2/16 (12.5%) 2/29 (6.9%)
C (controls, all smears and cultures-ve and sustained recovery under antibiotic treatment at day 56) 10/82 (12.2%) 4/45 (8.9%) 6/37 (16.2%)
D (all cultures-ve, CXR and clinical symptoms very suspicious for TB) 9/56 (16.1%) 3/18 (16.7%) 6/38 (15.8%)
I (any other possible combination of results and loss to follow up after recruitment) 8/39 (20.5%) 4/21 (19.1%) 4/18 (22.2%)
  1. +ve = positive | -ve = negative | CXR = chest x-ray