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Table 2 Predictors of drug resistance in 212 HIV-infected adults on ART in rural Tanzania

From: Virological efficacy and emergence of drug resistance in adults on antiretroviral treatment in rural Tanzania

  Univariablea Multivariableb
Predictor variables OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Duration of ART     
   1 year 1   1  
   2 years 2.27 (0.57–9.12) 0.247 2.27 (0.57–9.12) 0.247
   ≥ 3 years 4.49 (1.13–17.8) 0.033 4.49 (1.13–17.8) 0.033
Hemoglobin     
   ≥ 10 g/dL 1    
   <10 g/dL 2.84 (0.97–8.32) 0.058 NS  
Total lymphocyte count     
   ≥ 1.2 × 109/L 1    
   <1.2 × 109/L 2.91 (0.99–8.53) 0.052 NS  
  1. a No significant associations were found for age, sex, clinical stage, body mass index or initial ART regimen.
  2. bStepwise multivariable logistic regression using a forward selection procedure. NS denotes that the variable did not meet the significance level criterion (P <0.05) for inclusion in the final model.
  3. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; ART, antiretroviral therapy.