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Table 3 False positive cases.

From: Development and optimization of quantitative PCR for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis with bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

Pt. AspergillusDNA (fg/pellet) BAL Culture Clinical Diagnosis Computed tomography scan results and other clinical information
1 5230 negative DAH Organizing pneumonia on lung biopsy with pulmonary hemorrhage; treated with ambisome empirically; No IPA at autopsy
2 230 negative BOOP Bilateral patchy opacities; no mould active antifungal therapy given
3 60 negative Unknown Nodular right middle lobe infiltrate treated with levofloxacin; exposure to hay
4 340 negative IPA Multiple bilateral nodules; treated as IPA with voriconazole + caspofungin
5 320 negative DAH Bilateral geographic grounds glass opacities; treated with caspofungin
6 80 negative BOOP Numerous bilateral ground glass opacities; treated with prednisone but no antifungal therapy
7 170 negative Influenza pneumonia/PCP Left lung infiltrates; no antifungal therapy except for Pneumocystis
  1. Additional information about false positive (FP) cases as identified by qPCR. Pt.: patient; BOOP: Bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia; DAH: Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage; PCP: Pneumocystis pneumonia.