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Table 3 Distribution and incidence densities of 263 HAI

From: Healthcare-associated infections in pediatric cancer patients: results of a prospective surveillance study from university hospitals in Germany and Switzerland

Kind of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) No. (Proportion) ID
All HAIs 263 (100%) 4.80
Bloodstream infections (BSI) 153 (58%) 2.79
   Laboratory-confirmed (blood-culture positive) BSI 138 (52%) 2.52
Bacteremia 95 (36%) 1.73
Sepsis 35 (13%) 0.64
Septic shock 5 (2%) 0.09
Septic shock with multiorgan failure 3 (1%) 0.05
   Blood-culture negative BSI 15 (6%) 0.27
Clinically defined sepsis 10 (4%) 0.18
Clinically defined septic shock 1 (0%) 0.02
Clinically defined septic shock with multiorgan failure 4 (2%) 0.07
Radiologically confirmed pneumonia 20 (8%) 0.36
Invasive aspergillosis 26 (10%) 0.47
   Pulmonary invasive aspergillosis 21 (8%) 0.38
Proven pulmonary case of invasive aspergillosis 6 (2%) 0.11
Probable pulmonary case of invasive aspergillosis 15 (6%) 0.27
   Other localization (sinus, central nervous system) 5 (2%) 0.09
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection 2 (1%) 0.04
Surgical site infection 15 (6%) 0.27
   Early (≤ 14 days from intervention) surgical site infection 6 (2%) 0.11
   Late (> 14 days from intervention) surgical site infection 9 (3%) 0.16
Clostridium difficile associated enterocolitis 24 (9%) 0.44
   Preceding i.v. antibiotics within 14 days 11 (4%) 0.20
   No preceding i.v. antibiotics within 14 days 13 (5%) 0.24
Rotavirus associated enterocolitis 6 (2%) 0.11
Urinary tract infection (UTI) 8 (3%) 0.15
   UTI related to urinary tract catheter 3 (1%) 0.05
   UTI not related to urinary tract catheter 5 (2%) 0.09
Ventriculitis related to external CSF drainage 1 (0%) 0.02
Local infections at the central venous access device exit site 8 (3%) 0.15
  1. No. indicates the absolute number; ID indicates incidence density per 1,000 inpatient days